Need for belonging, relationship satisfaction, loneliness, and life satisfaction

Mellor, David, Stokes, Mark, Firth, Lucy, Hayashi, Yoko and Cummins, Robert 2008, Need for belonging, relationship satisfaction, loneliness, and life satisfaction, Personality and individual differences, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 213-218.

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Title Need for belonging, relationship satisfaction, loneliness, and life satisfaction
Author(s) Mellor, David
Stokes, Mark
Firth, Lucy
Hayashi, Yoko
Cummins, Robert
Journal name Personality and individual differences
Volume number 45
Issue number 3
Start page 213
End page 218
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier Ltd
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2008-08
ISSN 0191-8869
1873-3549
Keyword(s) loneliness
need to belong
personal relationships
life satisfaction
Summary Loneliness and the need to belong are two subjective states that, on the basis of prior research and theory, would appear to be related both to one another and to wellbeing. This study explored these relationships with a sample of 436 volunteer participants drawn from the Australian Unity Wellbeing database. Participants completed a survey that included a measure of satisfaction with personal relationships embedded in the Personal Wellbeing Index, the UCLA Loneliness scale, a measure of life satisfaction, and the Need to Belong Scale. While loneliness was weakly related to need to belong, it was strongly associated with the discrepancy between need to belong and satisfaction with personal relationships, which we used to measure unmet need for belonging. People living alone reported a lower need to belong and less satisfaction with personal relationships than those living with others. However, the discrepancy scores, life satisfaction scores and loneliness scores did not differ between these groups. Loneliness mediated the relationship between unmet need for belonging and wellbeing (life satisfaction). These findings support Baumeister and Leary’s “belongingness hypothesis” and clarify the relationship between these variables.
Language eng
Field of Research 170113 Social and Community Psychology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2008
Copyright notice ©2008, Elsevier Ltd
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30017675

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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