Neighborhood road environments and physical activity among youth : the CLAN Study

Carver, Alison, Timperio, Anna F. and Crawford, David A. 2008, Neighborhood road environments and physical activity among youth : the CLAN Study, Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine,, vol. 85, no. 4, pp. 532-544.

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Title Neighborhood road environments and physical activity among youth : the CLAN Study
Author(s) Carver, Alison
Timperio, Anna F.
Crawford, David A.
Journal name Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine,
Volume number 85
Issue number 4
Start page 532
End page 544
Total pages 13
Publisher Springer New York LLC
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2008-07
ISSN 1099-3460
1468-2869
Keyword(s) child
adolescent
physical activity
neighborhood
safety
Summary We examined associations between objective measures of the local road environment and physical activity (including active transport) among youth. There is little empirical evidence of the impact of the road environment on physical activity among children/adolescents in their neighborhoods. Most recent studies have examined perceptions rather than objective measures of the road environment. This was a cross-sectional study of children aged 8–9 years (n = 188) and adolescents aged 13–15 years (n  = 346) who were participants in the 3-year follow-up of the Children Living in Active Neighborhoods (CLAN) longitudinal study in Melbourne, Australia. At baseline (2001), they were recruited from 19 state primary schools in areas of varying socioeconomic status across Melbourne. Habitual walking/cycling to local destinations was parent-reported for children and self-reported for adolescents, while moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) outside school hours was recorded using accelerometers. Road environment features in each participant’s neighborhood (area of radius 800 m around the home) were measured objectively using a geographical information system. Regression analyses found no associations between road environment variables and children’s likelihood of making at least seven walking/cycling trips per week to neighborhood destinations. Adolescent girls residing in neighborhoods with two to three traffic/pedestrian lights were more likely to make seven or more walking/cycling trips per week as those whose neighborhoods had fewer traffic lights (OR: 2.7; 95% CI: 1.2–6.2). For adolescent boys, residing on a cul-de-sac, compared with a through road, was associated with increases in MVPA of 9 min after school, 5 min in the evenings, and 22 min on weekend days. Speed humps were positively associated with adolescent boys’ MVPA during evenings. The road environment influences physical activity among youth in different ways, according to age group, sex and type of physical activity.
Language eng
Field of Research 111712 Health Promotion
Socio Economic Objective 920205 Health Education and Promotion
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2008, New York Academy of Medicine
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30017731

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