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The effect of water deprivation on the tonicity responsive enhancer binding protein (TonEBP) and TonEBP-regulated genes in the kidney of the spinifex hopping mouse, Notomys alexis

Bartolo, Ray C. and Donald, John 2008, The effect of water deprivation on the tonicity responsive enhancer binding protein (TonEBP) and TonEBP-regulated genes in the kidney of the spinifex hopping mouse, Notomys alexis, Journal of experimental biology, vol. 211, pp. 852-859, doi: 10.1242/jeb.006395.

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Title The effect of water deprivation on the tonicity responsive enhancer binding protein (TonEBP) and TonEBP-regulated genes in the kidney of the spinifex hopping mouse, Notomys alexis
Formatted title The effect of water deprivation on the tonicity responsive enhancer binding protein (TonEBP) and TonEBP-regulated genes in the kidney of the spinifex hopping mouse, Notomys alexis
Author(s) Bartolo, Ray C.
Donald, JohnORCID iD for Donald, John orcid.org/0000-0001-5930-2642
Journal name Journal of experimental biology
Volume number 211
Start page 852
End page 859
Total pages 8
Publisher Company of Biologists
Place of publication [London, England]
Publication date 2008-02-29
ISSN 0022-0949
1477-9145
Keyword(s) notomys alexis
tonicity responsive enhancer binding protein (TonEBP)
compatible osmolytes
kidney
water deprivation
Summary In desert rodents, the production of concentrated urine is essential for survival in xeric environments in order to conserve water. Reabsorption of water in the kidney is dependent on large osmotic gradients in the renal medulla. This causes the renal cells to be bathed in a hypertonic extracellular fluid that can compromise cellular function. In response to hypertonicity, kidney cells accumulate compatible, non-ionic osmolytes that lower the ionic strength within the cells to isotonic levels by replacing intracellular ionic electrolytes. The tonicity-responsive enhancer binding protein (TonEBP) is a transcription factor that regulates the expression of genes that encode proteins that catalyse the accumulation of compatible osmolytes. We investigated the expression of TonEBP mRNA and protein and compatible osmolyte genes in the Spinifex hopping mouse, Notomys alexis, an Australian desert rodent that produces a highly concentrated urine. TonEBP mRNA expression was unchanged after 3 days of water deprivation but was significantly increased after 7 and 14 days of water deprivation. Immunohistochemistry showed that during water deprivation TonEBP had translocated from the cytoplasm into the nucleus of cells in the renal medulla and papilla. In addition, 3, 7 and 14 days of water deprivation caused a significant increase in aldose reductase (AR), myo-inositol (SMIT), betaine/GABA (BGT-1) and taurine (TauT) transporter mRNA expression, which is indicative of an increase in TonEBP activity. In desert rodents, TonEBP regulation of gene transcription is probably an important mechanism to protect renal cells in the face of the large corticomedullary gradient that is required to concentrate urine and conserve water.
Language eng
DOI 10.1242/jeb.006395
Field of Research 060603 Animal Physiology - Systems
Socio Economic Objective 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2008
Copyright notice ©2008, Company of Biologists
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30017736

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.