Are perceptions of the physical and social environment associated with mothers' walking for leisure and for transport? A longitudinal study

Cleland, Verity J., Timperio, Anna and Crawford, David 2008, Are perceptions of the physical and social environment associated with mothers' walking for leisure and for transport? A longitudinal study, Preventive medicine, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 188-193.

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Title Are perceptions of the physical and social environment associated with mothers' walking for leisure and for transport? A longitudinal study
Author(s) Cleland, Verity J.
Timperio, Anna
Crawford, David
Journal name Preventive medicine
Volume number 47
Issue number 2
Start page 188
End page 193
Total pages 6
Publisher Academic Press
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2008-08
ISSN 0091-7435
1096-0260
Keyword(s) walking
environment
women
prospective
mothers
Summary Objective
The role local neighbourhood environments play in influencing purpose-specific walking behaviors has not been well-explored in prospective studies. This study aimed to cross-sectionally and prospectively examine whether local physical and social environments were associated with mothers' walking for leisure and for transport.

Methods
In 2004, 357 mothers from Melbourne, Australia, provided information on their local physical and social neighbourhood environments, and in 2004 and 2006 reported weekly time spent walking for leisure and for transport. Environmental predictors of high levels of walking and increases in walking were examined using log binomial regression.

Results
Public transport accessibility and trusting many people in the neighbourhood were predictive of increases in walking for leisure, while connectivity, pedestrian crossings, a local traffic speed were predictive of increases in transport-related walking. Satisfaction with local facilities was associated with increasing both types of walking, and the social environment was important for maintaining high levels of both leisure- and transport-related walking.

Conclusion
The findings provide evidence of a longitudinal relationship between physical and social environments and walking behaviors amongst mothers. Enhancing satisfaction with local facilities and giving consideration to ‘walkability’, safety and public transport accessibility during environment planning processes may help mothers to increase walking.
Language eng
Field of Research 111712 Health Promotion
Socio Economic Objective 920205 Health Education and Promotion
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2008
Copyright notice ©2008, Elsevier Inc.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30017741

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