Physical activity and likelihood of depression in adults : a review

Teychenne, Megan, Ball, Kylie and Salmon, Jo 2008, Physical activity and likelihood of depression in adults : a review, Preventive Medicine, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 397-411, doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2008.01.009.

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Title Physical activity and likelihood of depression in adults : a review
Author(s) Teychenne, MeganORCID iD for Teychenne, Megan
Ball, KylieORCID iD for Ball, Kylie
Salmon, JoORCID iD for Salmon, Jo
Journal name Preventive Medicine
Volume number 46
Issue number 5
Start page 397
End page 411
Total pages 15
Publisher Academic Press
Place of publication San Diego, Calif.
Publication date 2008-05
ISSN 0091-7435
Keyword(s) physical activity
mental health
Summary Objective : This review examines original research which has investigated associations between physical activity (PA) dose (i.e. frequency, intensity and duration) and domain and depression or symptoms of depression in adults.

Methods : A search of electronic databases and authors' own bibliographic libraries was performed between 2006 and 2007 for original research articles investigating associations between PA and depression in adults. A total of 27 observational and 40 intervention studies were included.

Results : Of the studies that focused on the association between duration of PA and likelihood of depression, all five observational studies, and five of the seven intervention studies found both shorter and longer durations of PA were associated with reduced likelihood of depression. Of the studies that focused on the association between intensity of PA and likelihood of depression, four of the six observational studies found that vigorous-intensity PA was more strongly associated with decreased likelihood of depression than lower intensities. Most intervention studies showed that both intensities were effective in reducing the likelihood of depression. Two observational studies found a stronger inverse relationship of leisure-time PA with depression than PA in other domains. There is insufficient evidence regarding the importance of the PA setting on depression.

Conclusion : Although the dose and domain of physical activity varied across studies reviewed, evidence suggests that even low doses of PA may be protective against depression. Further studies examining the optimal domain of PA for reducing the likelihood of depression are needed.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.ypmed.2008.01.009
Field of Research 111714 Mental Health
Socio Economic Objective 920205 Health Education and Promotion
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2008
Copyright notice ©2008, Elsevier
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