Children's fruit and vegetable intake : Associations with the neighbourhood food environment

Timperio, Anna, Ball, Kylie, Roberts, Rebecca, Campbell, Karen, Andrianopoulos, Nick and Crawford, David 2008, Children's fruit and vegetable intake : Associations with the neighbourhood food environment, Preventive medicine, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 331-335.

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Title Children's fruit and vegetable intake : Associations with the neighbourhood food environment
Author(s) Timperio, Anna
Ball, Kylie
Roberts, Rebecca
Campbell, Karen
Andrianopoulos, Nick
Crawford, David
Journal name Preventive medicine
Volume number 46
Issue number 4
Start page 331
End page 335
Publisher Academic Press
Place of publication San Diego, Calif.
Publication date 2008-04
ISSN 0091-7435
1096-0260
Keyword(s) children
environment
food
availability
diet
fruit and vegetables
access
neighbourhood
Summary Objective : To examine associations between availability of different types of food outlets and children's fruit and vegetable intake.
Method : Parents of 340 5–6 and 461 10–12 year-old Australian children reported how frequently their child ate 14 fruits and 13 vegetables in the last week in 2002/3. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to determine the availability of the following types of food outlets near home: greengrocers; supermarkets; convenience stores; fast food outlets; restaurants, cafés and takeaway outlets. Logistic regression analyses examined the likelihood of consuming fruit ≥ 2 times/day and vegetables ≥ 3 times/day, according to access to food outlets.
Results : Overall, 62.5% of children ate fruit ≥ 2 times/day and 46.4% ate vegetables ≥ 3 times/day. The more fast food outlets (OR = 0.82, 95%CI = 0.67–0.99) and convenience stores (OR = 0.84, 95%CI = 0.73–0.98) close to home, the lower the likelihood of consuming fruit ≥ 2 times/day. There was also an inverse association between density of convenience stores and the likelihood of consuming vegetables ≥ 3 times/day (OR = 0.84, 95%CI = 0.74–0.95). The likelihood of consuming vegetables ≥ 3 times/day was greater the farther children lived from a supermarket (OR = 1.27, 95%CI = 1.07–1.51) or a fast food outlet (OR = 1.19, 95%CI = 1.06–1.35).
Conclusion : Availability of fast food outlets and convenience stores close to home may have a negative effect on children's fruit and vegetable intake.
Language eng
Field of Research 111706 Epidemiology
Socio Economic Objective 920205 Health Education and Promotion
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2008
Copyright notice ©2007, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30017798

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