Children's fruit and vegetable intake : Associations with the neighbourhood food environment

Timperio, Anna, Ball, Kylie, Roberts, Rebecca, Campbell, Karen, Andrianopoulos, Nick and Crawford, David 2008, Children's fruit and vegetable intake : Associations with the neighbourhood food environment, Preventive medicine, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 331-335, doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2007.11.011.

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Title Children's fruit and vegetable intake : Associations with the neighbourhood food environment
Author(s) Timperio, AnnaORCID iD for Timperio, Anna
Ball, KylieORCID iD for Ball, Kylie
Roberts, Rebecca
Campbell, KarenORCID iD for Campbell, Karen
Andrianopoulos, Nick
Crawford, DavidORCID iD for Crawford, David
Journal name Preventive medicine
Volume number 46
Issue number 4
Start page 331
End page 335
Total pages 5
Publisher Academic Press
Place of publication San Diego, Calif.
Publication date 2008-04
ISSN 0091-7435
Keyword(s) children
fruit and vegetables
Summary Objective : To examine associations between availability of different types of food outlets and children's fruit and vegetable intake.
Method : Parents of 340 5–6 and 461 10–12 year-old Australian children reported how frequently their child ate 14 fruits and 13 vegetables in the last week in 2002/3. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to determine the availability of the following types of food outlets near home: greengrocers; supermarkets; convenience stores; fast food outlets; restaurants, cafés and takeaway outlets. Logistic regression analyses examined the likelihood of consuming fruit ≥ 2 times/day and vegetables ≥ 3 times/day, according to access to food outlets.
Results : Overall, 62.5% of children ate fruit ≥ 2 times/day and 46.4% ate vegetables ≥ 3 times/day. The more fast food outlets (OR = 0.82, 95%CI = 0.67–0.99) and convenience stores (OR = 0.84, 95%CI = 0.73–0.98) close to home, the lower the likelihood of consuming fruit ≥ 2 times/day. There was also an inverse association between density of convenience stores and the likelihood of consuming vegetables ≥ 3 times/day (OR = 0.84, 95%CI = 0.74–0.95). The likelihood of consuming vegetables ≥ 3 times/day was greater the farther children lived from a supermarket (OR = 1.27, 95%CI = 1.07–1.51) or a fast food outlet (OR = 1.19, 95%CI = 1.06–1.35).
Conclusion : Availability of fast food outlets and convenience stores close to home may have a negative effect on children's fruit and vegetable intake.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.ypmed.2007.11.011
Field of Research 111706 Epidemiology
Socio Economic Objective 920205 Health Education and Promotion
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2008
Copyright notice ©2007, Elsevier
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