The school food environment : associations with adolescent soft drink and snack consumption

van der Horst, Klazine, Timperio, Anna, Crawford, David, Roberts, Rebecca, Brug, Johannes and Oenema, Anke 2008, The school food environment : associations with adolescent soft drink and snack consumption, American journal of preventive medicine, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 217-223.

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Title The school food environment : associations with adolescent soft drink and snack consumption
Author(s) van der Horst, Klazine
Timperio, Anna
Crawford, David
Roberts, Rebecca
Brug, Johannes
Oenema, Anke
Journal name American journal of preventive medicine
Volume number 35
Issue number 3
Start page 217
End page 223
Publisher Elsevier Inc.
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2008-09
ISSN 0749-3797
1873-2607
Summary Background
Because students may purchase food and drinks in and around their schools, the school food environment may be important for obesity-related eating behaviors such as soft drink and snack consumption. However, research exploring the associations between school environments and specific eating behaviors is sparse.

Methods
Associations of the availability of canteen food and drinks, the presence of food stores around schools, and individual cognitions (attitudes, norms, modeling, perceived behavioral control, and intentions) with soft drink and snack consumption were examined in a cross-sectional study (2005–2006) among 1293 adolescents aged 12–15 years. Soft drink and snack consumption and related cognitions were assessed with self-administered questionnaires. The presence of food stores and the distance to the nearest food store were calculated within a 500-meter buffer around each school. Data on the availability of soft drinks and snacks in school canteens were gathered by observation. In 2007, multilevel regression models were run to analyze associations and mediation pathways between cognitions, environmental factors, and behaviors.

Results
Adolescents' attitudes, subjective norms, parental and peer modeling, and intentions were positively associated with soft drink and snack consumption. There was an inverse association between the distance to the nearest store and the number of small food stores with soft drink consumption. These effects were mediated partly by cognitions.

Conclusions
This study provided little evidence for associations of environmental factors in the school environment with soft drink and snack consumption. Individual cognitions appeared to be stronger correlates of intake than physical school-environmental factors. Longitudinal research is needed to confirm these findings.

Language eng
Field of Research 111701 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health
Socio Economic Objective 920205 Health Education and Promotion
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2008, American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30017803

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