The school food environment : associations with adolescent soft drink and snack consumption

van der Horst, Klazine, Timperio, Anna, Crawford, David, Roberts, Rebecca, Brug, Johannes and Oenema, Anke 2008, The school food environment : associations with adolescent soft drink and snack consumption, American journal of preventive medicine, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 217-223, doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2008.05.022.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads

Title The school food environment : associations with adolescent soft drink and snack consumption
Author(s) van der Horst, Klazine
Timperio, AnnaORCID iD for Timperio, Anna
Crawford, DavidORCID iD for Crawford, David
Roberts, Rebecca
Brug, Johannes
Oenema, Anke
Journal name American journal of preventive medicine
Volume number 35
Issue number 3
Start page 217
End page 223
Total pages 7
Publisher Elsevier Inc.
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2008-09
ISSN 0749-3797
Summary Background
Because students may purchase food and drinks in and around their schools, the school food environment may be important for obesity-related eating behaviors such as soft drink and snack consumption. However, research exploring the associations between school environments and specific eating behaviors is sparse.

Associations of the availability of canteen food and drinks, the presence of food stores around schools, and individual cognitions (attitudes, norms, modeling, perceived behavioral control, and intentions) with soft drink and snack consumption were examined in a cross-sectional study (2005–2006) among 1293 adolescents aged 12–15 years. Soft drink and snack consumption and related cognitions were assessed with self-administered questionnaires. The presence of food stores and the distance to the nearest food store were calculated within a 500-meter buffer around each school. Data on the availability of soft drinks and snacks in school canteens were gathered by observation. In 2007, multilevel regression models were run to analyze associations and mediation pathways between cognitions, environmental factors, and behaviors.

Adolescents' attitudes, subjective norms, parental and peer modeling, and intentions were positively associated with soft drink and snack consumption. There was an inverse association between the distance to the nearest store and the number of small food stores with soft drink consumption. These effects were mediated partly by cognitions.

This study provided little evidence for associations of environmental factors in the school environment with soft drink and snack consumption. Individual cognitions appeared to be stronger correlates of intake than physical school-environmental factors. Longitudinal research is needed to confirm these findings.

Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.amepre.2008.05.022
Field of Research 111701 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health
Socio Economic Objective 920205 Health Education and Promotion
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2008, Elsevier
Persistent URL

Connect to link resolver
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 67 times in TR Web of Science
Scopus Citation Count Cited 74 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 753 Abstract Views, 2 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Fri, 14 Aug 2009, 13:57:21 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact