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Environmental determinants of healthy eating : in need of theory and evidence

Brug, Johannes, Kremers, Stef P., van Lenthe, Frank, Ball, Kylie and Crawford, David 2008, Environmental determinants of healthy eating : in need of theory and evidence, Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 307-316.

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Title Environmental determinants of healthy eating : in need of theory and evidence
Alternative title Environmental determinants of healthy eating : in need of theory and evidence : Symposium on 'Behavioural nutrition and energy balance in the young'
Author(s) Brug, Johannes
Kremers, Stef P.
van Lenthe, Frank
Ball, Kylie
Crawford, David
Journal name Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
Volume number 67
Issue number 3
Start page 307
End page 316
Total pages 10
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Place of publication Cambridge, England
Publication date 2008-08
ISSN 0029-6651
1475-2719
Keyword(s) nutrition
behavioural determinants
environment
Summary In order to promote healthful nutrition, insight is needed into the determinants of nutrition behaviours. Behavioural determinant research and behavioural nutrition interventions have focused mostly on individual-level motivational factors. It has been argued that the individual's socio-cultural and physical environments may be the main determinants of nutrition behaviours. However, the theoretical basis and empirical evidence for environmental determinants of nutrition behaviours are not strong. The present paper is a narrative review informed by a series of systematic reviews and recent original studies on associations between environmental factors and nutrition behaviours to provide an overview and discussion of the evidence for environmental correlates and predictors of nutrition behaviour. Although the number of studies on potential environmental determinants of nutrition behaviours has increased steeply over the last decades, they include only a few well-designed studies with validated measures and guided by sound theoretical frameworks. The preliminary evidence from the available systematic reviews indicates that socio-cultural environmental factors defining what is socially acceptable, desirable and appropriate to eat may be more important for healthful eating than physical environments that define the availability and accessibility of foods. It is concluded that there is a lack of well-designed studies on environmental determinants of healthful eating behaviours. Preliminary evidence indicates that social environmental factors may be more important than physical environmental factors for healthful eating. Better-designed studies are needed to further build evidence-based theory on environmental determinants to guide the development of interventions to promote healthful eating.
Language eng
Field of Research 111712 Health Promotion
Socio Economic Objective 920205 Health Education and Promotion
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2008
Copyright notice ©2008, Cambridge University Press
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30017815

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.