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Active support, participation and depression

Stancliffe, Roger J., McVilly, Keith R., Radler, Gary, Mountford, Louise and Tomaszewski, Paul 2010, Active support, participation and depression, Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 312-321, doi: 10.1111/j.1468-3148.2009.00535.x.

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Title Active support, participation and depression
Author(s) Stancliffe, Roger J.
McVilly, Keith R.
Radler, Gary
Mountford, Louise
Tomaszewski, Paul
Journal name Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities
Volume number 23
Issue number 4
Start page 312
End page 321
Total pages 10
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Place of publication Malden, Mass.
Publication date 2010-07
ISSN 1360-2322
1468-3148
Keyword(s) active support
intellectual disabilities
group home
domestic participation
depression
community living
challenging behaviour
adaptive behaviour;adults
Summary Background
Staff training in Active Support is designed to enable direct support staff to increase the engagement and participation of people with intellectual disabilities in a range of daily activities.

Method
Residents (n = 41) and staff of nine group homes participated. The effectiveness of Active Support was evaluated with a pre-test:post-test design, using a number of standardized assessments and other questionnaires, with group home staff as informants. These assessments were conducted before Active Support training and an average of 6.5 months later.

Results
Following implementation of Active Support residents experienced significant increases in domestic participation and adaptive behaviour. There were significant decreases in internalized challenging behaviour, overall challenging behaviour and depression. There was no significant pre–post change in other forms of challenging behaviour.

Conclusions
Our findings confirm and extend previous Active Support research showing that implementation of Active Support is followed by increased resident participation in activities. The significant improvements in adaptive behaviour, challenging behaviour and depression are of particular interest as the present study is among the first to report such effects. The study’s limitations are discussed.

Notes Article first published online: 30 MAR 2010
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1468-3148.2009.00535.x
Field of Research 170113 Social and Community Psychology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2010
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30018409

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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Created: Mon, 17 Aug 2009, 12:02:38 EST by Rachael Wilson

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