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A literature review of the application of the geriatric depression scale, depression anxiety stress scales and post-traumatic stress disorder checklist to community nursing cohorts

Allen, Jacqui and Annells, Merilyn 2009, A literature review of the application of the geriatric depression scale, depression anxiety stress scales and post-traumatic stress disorder checklist to community nursing cohorts, Journal of clinical nursing, vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 949-959, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2008.02731.x.

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Title A literature review of the application of the geriatric depression scale, depression anxiety stress scales and post-traumatic stress disorder checklist to community nursing cohorts
Author(s) Allen, JacquiORCID iD for Allen, Jacqui orcid.org/0000-0002-3610-1335
Annells, Merilyn
Journal name Journal of clinical nursing
Volume number 18
Issue number 7
Start page 949
End page 959
Total pages 11
Publisher Blackwell Scientific Publications
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publication date 2009-04
ISSN 0962-1067
1365-2702
Keyword(s) community nursing
depression anxiety stress scales
geriatric sepression scale
literature review
mental health screening
post-traumatic stress disorder checklist
Summary Aims and objectives. To explore through literature review the appropriateness of three common tools for use by community nurses to screen war veteran and war widow(er) clients for depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder.

Background. War veterans and, to a lesser extent, war widow(er)s, are prone to mental health challenges, especially depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder. Community nurses do not accurately identify such people with depression and related disorders although they are well positioned to do so. The use of valid and reliable self-report tools is one method of improving nurses' identification of people with actual or potential mental health difficulties for referral to a general practitioner or mental health practitioner for diagnostic assessment and treatment. The Geriatric Depression Scale, Depression Anxiety Stress Scales and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist are frequently recommended for mental health screening but the appropriateness of using the tools for screening war veteran and war widow(er) community nursing clients who are often aged and have functional impairment, is unknown.

Design. Systematic review.

Conclusions. Current literature informs that the Geriatric Depression Scale accurately predicts a diagnosis of depression in community nursing cohorts. The three Depression Anxiety Stress Scales subscales of depression, anxiety and stress are valid; however, no studies were identified that compared the performance of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales in predicting diagnoses of depression or anxiety. The Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist predicts post-traumatic stress disorder in community cohorts although no studies meeting the selection criteria included male participants.

Relevance to clinical practice.
This review provides recommendations for the use of the Geriatric Depression Scale, Depression Anxiety Stress Scales and The Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist based on examination of the published evidence for the application of these screening tools in samples approximated to community nursing cohorts. Findings and recommendations would guide community nurses, managers and health planners in the selection of mental health screening tools to promote holistic community nursing care.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2008.02731.x
Field of Research 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920210 Nursing
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2009
Copyright notice ©2009, The Authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30018521

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Nursing and Midwifery
Higher Education Research Group
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Created: Mon, 07 Sep 2009, 14:11:12 EST by Deborah Wittahatchy

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