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Cue reward salience predicts craving in response to alcohol cues

Kambouropoulos, Nicolas and Staiger, Petra K. 2009, Cue reward salience predicts craving in response to alcohol cues, Personality and individual differences, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 78-82, doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2008.08.023.

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Title Cue reward salience predicts craving in response to alcohol cues
Author(s) Kambouropoulos, Nicolas
Staiger, Petra K.ORCID iD for Staiger, Petra K. orcid.org/0000-0002-6968-5015
Journal name Personality and individual differences
Volume number 46
Issue number 2
Start page 78
End page 82
Total pages 5
Publisher Elsevier Ltd
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2009-01
ISSN 0191-8869
1873-3549
Keyword(s) alcohol cue reactivity
reward sensitivity
reinforcement expectancies
personality
craving
Summary Many studies have shown that regular drinkers react to alcohol-related stimuli (i.e., cue reactivity) with a variety of appetitive responses, in particular, increased urge to drink. Recent research has focused on accounting for variability in responses to alcohol-related stimuli by examining drinking histories and personality. The aim of the current study was to extend this line of work by investigating the role of reinforcement expectancies (‘cue reward salience’) in alcohol cue reactivity research. In this study, ‘cue reward salience’ refers to the notion that appetitive responses will only ensue if the individual finds the stimulus to be equal to or more rewarding than initial expectations. Sixty-one regular drinkers completed a standard cue reactivity assessment whereby reactions (i.e., urge to drink and affect) to the sight, smell and taste of alcohol are measured and compared to a control condition. Results indicated significant increases in positive urge to drink but no changes in affect. Analyses revealed that drinking level and trait reward sensitivity were significant predictors of the urge to drink response. In addition, ‘cue reward salience’ accounted for significant additional variance in predicting urge to drink alcohol. Discussion focuses on the importance of measuring reinforcement expectancies when conducting cue reactivity studies.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.paid.2008.08.023
Field of Research 170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2009
Copyright notice ©2008, Elsevier Ltd
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30018560

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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Created: Tue, 08 Sep 2009, 14:45:16 EST by Deborah Wittahatchy

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