Martin, Andrew J. and Gaskin, Cadeyrn J. 2003, An integrated approach to coaching athletes, in Second International Conference : Teaching Sport and Physical Education for Understanding, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic., pp. 62-69.
This paper discusses an integrated approach to coaching athletes, which focuses on adapting coaching methods to individual learning style, and developing a tactical awareness of how to play the game alongside technique. An Integrated Coaching Model is proposed that links the cyclical model of experiential learning (Kolb, 1984), the 4MAT System (McCarthy, 1980), and TGfU (Bunker & Thorpe, 1982). Alternative approaches to teaching sport and physical education have been proposed; in particular, discussion in the coaching and physical education literature has debated the merits of tactical versus technical approaches, as opposite ends of a continuum. More recently, a number of authors have indicated that this argument is limited, as learning is complex and varied and should not be reduced to a linear model.
Key aspects of successful coaching are that the players have the ability to make successful decisions on the field and to increase a player’s self-awareness of both technical and tactical game aspects. This discussion of an integrated approach involves playing games, emphasises active involvement, considers player’s learning styles, and encourages democratic decision-making.
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