Psychosocial precursors and correlates of differing internalizing trajectories from 3 to 15 years

Letcher, Primrose, Smart, Diana, Sanson, Ann and Toumbourou, John W. 2009, Psychosocial precursors and correlates of differing internalizing trajectories from 3 to 15 years, Social development, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 618-646, doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9507.2008.00500.x.

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Title Psychosocial precursors and correlates of differing internalizing trajectories from 3 to 15 years
Author(s) Letcher, Primrose
Smart, Diana
Sanson, Ann
Toumbourou, John W.ORCID iD for Toumbourou, John W.
Journal name Social development
Volume number 18
Issue number 3
Start page 618
End page 646
Total pages 29
Publisher Blackwell Publishing
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2009-07
ISSN 0961-205X
Keyword(s) internalizing
childhood development
Summary Psychosocial precursors and correlates of parent-reported internalizing behavior trajectories across the age span of 3–15 years were explored using a community-based cohort of Australian children. Six internalizing trajectories had previously been identified for both girls (N = 810) and boys (N = 874) in this sample, comprising stable low, high, decreasing, and increasing pathways. Infancy and toddler temperamental traits (inhibition/shyness, irritability), behavior problems, and parent–child relationship difficulties constituted significant risks for subsequent problematic internalizing profiles. Several gender-specific trends were evident, with temperamental reactivity and shyness, less optimal parenting, and peer difficulties more salient for girls on increasing trajectories whereas externalizing problems were more prominent among boys on increasing trajectories. Factors associated with recovery from elevated symptoms included higher levels of social competence, better parent and peer relations, and more positive school adjustment. Findings suggest that individual characteristics and relationship experiences may be involved in the development and course of internalizing problems.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1467-9507.2008.00500.x
Field of Research 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
Socio Economic Objective 920410 Mental Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
HERDC collection year 2009
Copyright notice ©2008, Blackwell Publishing Ltd
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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