Dietary portfolio approach to reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease : the polymeal revisited

Crowe, Timothy, Shabani, Mehdi and Brockbank, Cara 2009, Dietary portfolio approach to reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease : the polymeal revisited, Nutrition and dietetics, vol. 66, no. 3, pp. 164-169, doi: 10.1111/j.1747-0080.2009.01361.x.

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Title Dietary portfolio approach to reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease : the polymeal revisited
Author(s) Crowe, Timothy
Shabani, Mehdi
Brockbank, Cara
Journal name Nutrition and dietetics
Volume number 66
Issue number 3
Start page 164
End page 169
Total pages 6
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
Place of publication Brisbane, Qld.
Publication date 2009-09
ISSN 1446-6368
Keyword(s) cardiovascular disease
public health
Summary Aims: The Polymeal was first proposed as a 'tastier and safer' alternative to a polypharmacy approach to cardiovascular disease risk reduction. The present study aimed to examine the affordability of the Polymeal, and to propose modifications based on economic considerations, and the latest scientific evidence, to achieve consistency with current public health recommendations.

Methods: Prices for each food component specified in the Polymeal were obtained from a major and independent supermarket chain in a representative middle socioeconomic demographic region of metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. Items included fish (114 g, four times/week), fruits and vegetables (400 g/day), dark chocolate (100 g/day), garlic (2.7 g/day), almonds (68 g/day) and red wine (150 mL/day). Prices were calculated using an average of the major brands, or the most commonly eaten fruits, vegetables or fish. Modifications of the Polymeal were proposed based on published research and public health recommendations since the Polymeal was first proposed.

Results: Average price of the Polymeal was AU$11.89 per day falling to AU$8.46 if the cheapest food items were chosen. Modifications to the Polymeal included: consuming fish oil capsules instead of fish, reduction in the quantity of dark chocolate and removal of red wine. These modifications halved the cost of the Polymeal, while choosing the cheapest food items further lowered the cost to AU$3.49 per day. Modification of the Polymeal gave substantial reductions in both energy and saturated fat (51% and 84%, respectively).

Conclusion: The modified Polymeal is a more affordable variation of the Polymeal, which takes into account current scientific evidence and public health recommendations.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1747-0080.2009.01361.x
Field of Research 111104 Public Nutrition Intervention
Socio Economic Objective 920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
HERDC collection year 2009
Copyright notice ©2009, The Authors
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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