Transesterification of fish oil to produce fatty acid ethyl esters using ultrasonic energy

Armenta, Roberto E., Vinatoru, Mircea, Burja, Adam M., Kralovec, Jaroslav A. and Barrow, Colin J. 2007, Transesterification of fish oil to produce fatty acid ethyl esters using ultrasonic energy, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, vol. 84, no. 11, pp. 1045-1052.

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Title Transesterification of fish oil to produce fatty acid ethyl esters using ultrasonic energy
Author(s) Armenta, Roberto E.
Vinatoru, Mircea
Burja, Adam M.
Kralovec, Jaroslav A.
Barrow, Colin J.
Journal name Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
Volume number 84
Issue number 11
Start page 1045
End page 1052
Publisher American Oil Chemists' Society
Place of publication Champaign, Ill.
Publication date 2007-11
ISSN 0003-021X
1558-9331
Keyword(s) transesterification
ultrasonic energy
fish oil
polyunsaturated fatty acids
base catalysts
fatty acid ethyl esters
Summary This study evaluated the production of fatty acid ethyl esters from fish oil using ultrasonic energy and alkaline catalysts dissolved in ethanol. The feasibility of fatty acid ethyl ester production was determined using an ultrasonic bath and probe, and between 0.5 and 1% KOH (added to the fish oil). Furthermore, factors such as ultrasonic device (bath and probe), catalyst (KOH and C2H5ONa), temperature (20 and 60 °C), and duration of exposure (10–90 min) were assessed. Sodium ethoxide was found to be a more efficient catalyst than KOH when transesterifying fish oil. Ultrasonic energy applied for greater than 30 min at 60 °C using 0.8% of C2H5ONa as a catalyst transesterified over 98% fish oil triglycerides to fatty acid ethyl esters. It is reasonable to conclude that the yield of fatty acid ethyl esters produced by applying ultrasonic energy to fish oil is related to the sonication time. Due to increases in the surface area contact between the reactants and the catalyst, ultrasonic energy has the potential to reduce the production time required by a conventional large-scale commercial transesterification method that uses agitation as a way of mixing.
Language eng
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2007, Springer
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30019565

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Life and Environmental Sciences
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