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Amount of mental practice and performance of a simple motor task

Kremer, Peter, Spittle, Michael, McNeil, Dominic and Shinners, Cassandra 2009, Amount of mental practice and performance of a simple motor task, Perceptual and motor skills, vol. 109, pp. 1-10.

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Title Amount of mental practice and performance of a simple motor task
Author(s) Kremer, Peter
Spittle, Michael
McNeil, Dominic
Shinners, Cassandra
Journal name Perceptual and motor skills
Volume number 109
Start page 1
End page 10
Publisher Ammons Scientific
Place of publication Missoula, Mont.
Publication date 2009
ISSN 0031-5125
1558-688X
Summary The effects of different amounts of mental practice on the performance of a motor skill were studied. Research supports the effectiveness of mental practice on performance; however, little is known about how much practice is needed and whether there is an optimal amount for these practice effects. Participants, 209 students ages 18 to 44 years (M = 20.5, SD = 2.9), completed a pre- and posttest of dart throwing with the nonpreferred hand. In the practice phase, participants completed either 25 (Mental Practice 25), 50 (Mental Practice 50), or 100 (Mental Practice 100) trials of the darts task or 50 trials of a catching task (Catching Task). Performance for all groups improved from pre- to posttest. Improvements for the three mental practice groups were greater than for the Catching Task group; however, there were no differences for the three Mental Practice groups. The findings support the positive effect of mental practice over a control condition and suggest that small amounts of mental practice may be sufficient for performance improvements, at least for a simple motor skill.
Language eng
Field of Research 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2009
Copyright notice ©2009, Sagamore Publishing
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30019589

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Created: Thu, 17 Sep 2009, 13:34:14 EST by Peter Kremer

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.