Perceived discrimination in Mapuche discourse : contemporary racism in Chilean society

Merino, Maria-Eugeina and Mellor, David John 2009, Perceived discrimination in Mapuche discourse : contemporary racism in Chilean society, Critical discourse studies, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 215-226, doi: 10.1080/17405900902974902.

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Title Perceived discrimination in Mapuche discourse : contemporary racism in Chilean society
Author(s) Merino, Maria-Eugeina
Mellor, David JohnORCID iD for Mellor, David John
Journal name Critical discourse studies
Volume number 6
Issue number 3
Start page 215
End page 226
Total pages 12
Publisher Routledge
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2009-08
ISSN 1740-5904
Keyword(s) perceived discrimination
Chilean aboriginals
critical discourse analysis
racist discourse
Summary This paper documents the experiences of perceived discrimination by Mapuches, the largest aboriginal group in Chile, focusing on their oral discourse about the phenomenon. As part of a national research project, 100 Mapuches were interviewed about their perception of discrimination toward them. These interviews were analyzed using the four-level method developed by Merino, which is mainly based on local semantic strategies and argumentative sequences and topoi. The analysis suggests that racism is experienced in everyday interethnic interactions by means of four modes: verbal, behavioral, institutional and macro-social. Verbal racism includes name-calling (e.g. 'indio' [Indian]) and stereotyping (e.g. 'primitive'), and prejudiced remarks. Behavioral racism includes looking, ignoring, avoiding, segregating and denial of identity. In the institutional mode, denial of opportunities and discrimination in various public offices, private institutions and services are frequent, with perpetrators acting on behalf of the institution for which they work. The macro-social mode includes cultural dominance of the economic and educational systems, and an ethnocentric perspective of history. The findings suggest the presence of a racist ideology underlying Mapuche's discursive reproduction of the way Chileans talk and think about them and behave toward them.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/17405900902974902
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920410 Mental Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
HERDC collection year 2009
Copyright notice ©2009, Taylor & Francis
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Document type: Journal Article
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School of Psychology
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