Nutritional and functional status indicators in residents of a long-term care facility

Grieger, Jessica A, Nowson, Caryl A and Ackland, Leigh M 2009, Nutritional and functional status indicators in residents of a long-term care facility, Journal of nutrition for the elderly, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 47-60, doi: 10.1080/01639360802633979.

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Title Nutritional and functional status indicators in residents of a long-term care facility
Author(s) Grieger, Jessica A
Nowson, Caryl AORCID iD for Nowson, Caryl A
Ackland, Leigh MORCID iD for Ackland, Leigh M
Journal name Journal of nutrition for the elderly
Volume number 28
Issue number 1
Start page 47
End page 60
Total pages 14
Publisher Routledge
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2009-01
ISSN 0163-9366
Keyword(s) depression
long-term care
nutrition questionnaires
Summary In a cross-sectional study, we determined whether results from the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), and Katz Activities of Daily Living (ADL), were associated with nutritional status and mobility in long-term care residents. One hundred and fifteen study participants (mean [SD] age: 80.2 [10.6]) provided informed consent. Fifty eight percent (n = 66) responded to all three questionnaires: 12 were assessed as malnourished (MNA < 17) and 28 were depressed (GDS ≥ 6). Higher levels of depression were associated with lower serum zinc (n = 71, r = -.356, p = .001) and associated with a slower Timed Up and Go test (TUG, n = 38, r = .301, p = .030). MNA was also associated with serum zinc (n = 44, r = .307, P = .021). Non responders to questionnaires (n = 36) had a lower BMI (mean difference: -2.5 ± 1.0 kg/m2, p = .013) and serum 25(OH)D (-8.7 ± 3.8 nmol/l, p = .023) vs. responders. The GDS, in addition to the MNA, is useful in identifying poor nutritional status in residential care. Intervention programs that target depression and poor nutritional status could potentially improve overall quality of life, but it is not clear if depression is leading to poor nutritional status or if poor nutrition is leading to depression.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/01639360802633979
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2009
Copyright notice ©2009, Taylor & Francis
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