Walking and cycling to school : predictors of increases among children and adolescents

Hume, Clare, Timperio, Anna, Salmon, Jo, Carver, Alison, Giles-Corti, Billie and Crawford, David 2009, Walking and cycling to school : predictors of increases among children and adolescents, American journal of preventive medicine, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 195-200.

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Title Walking and cycling to school : predictors of increases among children and adolescents
Author(s) Hume, Clare
Timperio, Anna
Salmon, Jo
Carver, Alison
Giles-Corti, Billie
Crawford, David
Journal name American journal of preventive medicine
Volume number 36
Issue number 3
Start page 195
End page 200
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication [Washington, D.C.]
Publication date 2009-03
ISSN 0749-3797
1873-2607
Summary Background
Little is known about what happens to active commuting as children get older, and less is known about influences on changes in this behavior. This study examined predictors of increases in children's and adolescents' active commuting (walking or cycling) to/from school over a 2-year period.
Methods
Participants were initially recruited and assessed in 2001. Follow-up data were collected in 2004 and 2006 and analyzed in 2008. Participants were 121 children (aged 9.1±0.34 years in 2004) and 188 adolescents (aged 14.5±0.65 years in 2004) from Melbourne, Australia. Parents and adolescents reported their perceptions of individual-level factors and of the neighborhood social and physical environment. Weekly active commuting (walking or cycling) to/from school, ranging from 0 to 10 trips/week was also proxy- or self-reported at the initial measurement and again 2 years later. Logistic regression analyses examined predictors of increases in active commuting over time.
Results
Children whose parents knew many people in their neighborhood were more likely to increase their active commuting (OR=2.6; CI=1.2, 5.9; p=0.02) compared with other children. Adolescents whose parents perceived there to be insufficient traffic lights and pedestrian crossings in their neighborhood were less likely to increase their active commuting over 2 years (OR=0.4; CI=0.2, 0.8; p=0.01), whereas adolescents of parents who were satisfied with the number of pedestrian crossings were more likely to increase their active commuting (OR=2.4; CI=1.1, 5.4; p=0.03) compared with other adolescents.
Conclusions
Social factors and physical environmental characteristics were the most important predictors of active commuting in children and adolescents, respectively.
Language eng
Field of Research 111706 Epidemiology
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2009
Copyright notice ©2009, American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30019941

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Created: Fri, 25 Sep 2009, 14:15:44 EST by Sally Morrigan

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