Longitudinal examination of the family food environment and weight status among children

Macfarlane, Abbie, Cleland, Verity, Crawford, David, Campbell, Karen and Timperio, Anna 2009, Longitudinal examination of the family food environment and weight status among children, International journal of pediatric obesity, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 343-352.

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Title Longitudinal examination of the family food environment and weight status among children
Author(s) Macfarlane, Abbie
Cleland, Verity
Crawford, David
Campbell, Karen
Timperio, Anna
Journal name International journal of pediatric obesity
Volume number 4
Issue number 4
Start page 343
End page 352
Total pages 10
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2009-12
ISSN 1747-7166
1747-7174
Keyword(s) obesity
overweight
body mass index
children
family food environment
longitudinal study
Summary Objective. To examine whether aspects of the family food environment were associated with body mass index (BMI) z-score and weight status in children, cross-sectionally and prospectively over 3 years.

Methods. Four aspects of the family food environment (breakfast eating patterns, food consumption while watching television, parental provision of energy-dense foods and child consumption of energy-dense food at home and away from home) were assessed with a questionnaire completed by parents of 161 children aged 5-6 years and 132 children aged 10-12 years in Melbourne, Australia in 2002/03. In 2002/03 and 2006, children's BMI z-score and weight status (non-overweight or overweight) was calculated from measured height and weight. Results. At baseline, 19% of younger and 21% of older children were overweight. Three years later, a greater proportion of younger (now aged 8-9 years) compared with older (aged 13-15 years) children were classified as overweight (28% versus 18%). Few of the family food environment variables were associated with children's BMI z-score and weight status cross-sectionally and longitudinally. However, among older children, more frequent dinner consumption while watching television was associated with a higher BMI z-score longitudinally (B = 0.3, 95% CI = 0.0, 0.6), less frequent breakfast consumption was associated with higher odds of overweight longitudinally (OR = 2.2, 95% CI = 1.1-4.7), and more frequent fast food consumption at home was associated with higher odds of overweight cross-sectionally (OR = 3.1, 95% CI = 1.4-7.0).

Conclusions. This study found few significant associations between aspects of the family food environment and BMI z-score or weight status in a sample of Australian children.
Language eng
Field of Research 111706 Epidemiology
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2009, Taylor & Francis
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30019947

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