Assessing Sleep during Pregnancy - a study across two time points examining the pittsburg sleep quality index and associations with depressive symptoms

Skouteris, Helen, Wetheim, Elenor H, Germano, Carmela, Paxton, Susan J and Milgrom, Jeannette 2009, Assessing Sleep during Pregnancy - a study across two time points examining the pittsburg sleep quality index and associations with depressive symptoms, Women's health issues, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 45-51.

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Title Assessing Sleep during Pregnancy - a study across two time points examining the pittsburg sleep quality index and associations with depressive symptoms
Author(s) Skouteris, Helen
Wetheim, Elenor H
Germano, Carmela
Paxton, Susan J
Milgrom, Jeannette
Journal name Women's health issues
Volume number 19
Issue number 1
Start page 45
End page 51
Total pages 7
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2009-01
ISSN 1049-3867
1878-4321
Summary Background and Purpose: Sleep quality seems to be an antecedent to depressive symptoms during pregnancy. We sought to 1) examine the psychometrics of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in pregnancy; 2) examine whether sleep quality predicted increases in depressive symptoms; and 3) compare PSQI scores across 3 or 2 levels of depressive symptoms.

Methods: Each of the 252 participants completed the Beck Depression Inventory (short form) and a sleep quality measure at mid and late pregnancy.

Results: PSQI total scores showed good internal consistency and construct validity. An improved model of the internal structure of the PSQI in pregnancy was found with 1 factor labeled Sleep Efficiency, a second labeled Night and Daytime Disturbances, and an Overall Sleep Quality component associated with, but separate from, both of these 2 factors. Although PSQI scores showed moderate stability over time, sleep disturbance scores increased in late pregnancy. Importantly, PSQI prospectively predicted increases in depressive symptoms.

Conclusions:
Findings suggest that the PSQI is useful in pregnancy research. Findings also support the idea that sleep problems are prospective risk factors for increases in depressive symptoms during pregnancy. Practitioners are advised to screen for sleep quality during early pregnancy.

Language eng
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920507 Women's Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2009
Copyright notice ©2009, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30020099

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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Created: Wed, 30 Sep 2009, 09:52:19 EST by Deborah Wittahatchy

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