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The effect pf diary foods on CHD: a systematic review of prospective cohort studies

Gibson, Robert A, Makrides, Maria, Smithers, Lisa G, Voevodin, Melanie and Sinclair, Andrew J 2009, The effect pf diary foods on CHD: a systematic review of prospective cohort studies, British journal of nutrition, vol. 2009, pp. 1-9, doi: 10.1017/S0007114509371664.

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Title The effect pf diary foods on CHD: a systematic review of prospective cohort studies
Author(s) Gibson, Robert A
Makrides, Maria
Smithers, Lisa G
Voevodin, Melanie
Sinclair, Andrew J
Journal name British journal of nutrition
Volume number 2009
Start page 1
End page 9
Total pages 9
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Place of publication Cambridge, England
Publication date 2009-08-17
ISSN 0007-1145
Keyword(s) dairy foods
myocardial infarction
systematic reviews
Summary There is interest in the degree to which fats in dairy foods contribute to CHD. We undertook a systematic review to investigate the effect of dairy  consumption on CHD using prospective cohort studies. A systematic search of electronic databases identified studies relating dairy food intake in adulthood to episodes or death from CHD, IHD and myocardial infarction. Included studies were assessed for quality based on study methodology, validity of dietary assessment, success of follow-up, standardised  assessment of CHD, IHD or myocardial infarction end points and  appropriateness of statistical adjustment. Data from twelve cohorts involving >280 000 subjects were included. Most studies had follow-up of >80 %, adjusted statistically for three or more confounders and used standard criteria to determine end points. About half the studies used a validated FFQ, administered the FFQ more than once or had follow-up of >20 years. Fewer than half the studies involved subjects representative of the general population. Four of the twelve cohorts found no association between dairy intake and CHD. Eight studies reported varying relationships between different dairy foods and CHD or differential associations based on race, sex or over time. Although dairy foods contribute to the SFA composition of the diet, this systematic review could find no consistent evidence that dairy food consumption is associated with a higher risk of CHD. This could be due to the limited sensitivity of the dietary assessment methods to detect an effect of a single food in a mixed diet on complex clinical outcomes.
Language eng
DOI 10.1017/S0007114509371664
Field of Research 110107 Metabolic Medicine
Socio Economic Objective 970110 Expanding Knowledge in Technology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2009
Copyright notice ©2009, The Authors
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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Created: Wed, 30 Sep 2009, 10:14:35 EST by Deborah Wittahatchy

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