The use of auricular examination for screening heaptic disorders

Cheing, Gladys Lai-Ying, Wan, Sharon and Lo, Sing Kai 2009, The use of auricular examination for screening heaptic disorders, Journal of acupuncture and meridian studies, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 34-39, doi: 10.1016/S2005-2901(09)60013-3.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads

Title The use of auricular examination for screening heaptic disorders
Author(s) Cheing, Gladys Lai-Ying
Wan, Sharon
Lo, Sing Kai
Journal name Journal of acupuncture and meridian studies
Volume number 2
Issue number 1
Start page 34
End page 39
Publisher Elsevier Korea LLC. Health Sciences
Place of publication Seoul, Korea
Publication date 2009-03
ISSN 2005-2901
Keyword(s) auricular acupuncture
complimentary and alternative therapy
diagnostic tool
Summary Researches on auricular acupuncture (AA) have examined mainly its treatment effects. This study aimed to investigate the accuracy and precision of using auricular examination (AE) as a complementary diagnostic tool for screening hepatic disorders. Twenty patients suffering from liver dysfunction and 25 controls aged 18–60 years were recruited from an acute hospital. Participants were examined using three AE methods including visual inspection, electrical skin resistance measurement, and tenderness testing on the liver AA zone of both ears. Significant differences were found in visual inspection and electrical skin resistance on the AA zones between the two groups. Patients suffering from liver dysfunction tended to have at least one abnormality in skin color, appearance, presence of papules, abundance of capillary and desquamation on the ear (Relative Risk—Right ear: RR = 2.9, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.4, 6.2; Left: RR = 1.8, 95% CI, 1.01, 3.1). The sensitivity for visual inspection was 0.7 for both ears; specificity was 0.76 for the (R) and 0.6 for the (L) ear. The mean difference in electrical skin resistance was 4.3 MΩ (95% CI, 1.7, 6.9) for the (L) ear; 4.5 MΩ (95% CI, 1.5, 7.6) for the (R) ear. Our results suggest that malfunction of the liver appeared to be reflected by the presence of morphological changes on the liver AA zone. Visual inspection and electrical skin resistance on the liver AA zone are potentially sensitive to screen hepatic disorders.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/S2005-2901(09)60013-3
Field of Research 111717 Primary Health Care
Socio Economic Objective 920204 Evaluation of Health Outcomes
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2009, Korean Pharmacopuncture Institute
Persistent URL

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Medicine
Connect to link resolver
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 0 times in TR Web of Science
Scopus Citation Count Cited 1 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 445 Abstract Views, 0 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Wed, 30 Sep 2009, 15:04:28 EST by Sally Morrigan

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact