How do school day activity patterns differ with age and gender across adolescence?

Olds, Tim, Wake, Melissa, Patton, George, Ridley, Kate, Waters, Elizabeth, Williams, Joanne and Hesketh, Kylie 2009, How do school day activity patterns differ with age and gender across adolescence?, Journal of adolescent health, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 64-72.

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Title How do school day activity patterns differ with age and gender across adolescence?
Author(s) Olds, Tim
Wake, Melissa
Patton, George
Ridley, Kate
Waters, Elizabeth
Williams, Joanne
Hesketh, Kylie
Journal name Journal of adolescent health
Volume number 44
Issue number 1
Start page 64
End page 72
Publisher Elsevier Science
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2009-01
ISSN 1054-139x
1879-1972
Keyword(s) use of time
physical activity
ccreen time
Summary Purpose
A knowledge of how young people use their time could be instrumental in informing health interventions, modeling consumer behaviors, and planning service delivery. The aim of the present study was to describe age- and gender-related patterns in the self-reported use of time on school days in a large sample of Australian children and adolescents aged between 10 and 18 years.

Methods
A single, detailed use-of-time diary for a school day was collected from 6024 Australians aged 10–18 from several state and regional surveys conducted in the states of South Australia (SA) and Victoria between 2001 and 2006. Time–use profiles were analyzed for a range of active and sedentary state behaviors.

Results
Boys reported higher physical activity levels (PALs), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and sports than girls. There were no differences in free play, and girls used more active transport. All activity-related variables decreased with age, except active transport, which peaked at 14–15 years. Boys exhibited higher levels of screen time, whereas girls had higher levels of passive transport. Screen time and its components (television, videogames, and computer use) peaked in the peripubertal years.

Conclusion
Age- and gender-related patterns of time use vary greatly within adolescence. This may reflect a mix of biological and social factors.
Language eng
Field of Research 111708 Health and Community Services
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2009, Society for Adolescent Medicine
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30020253

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Created: Fri, 02 Oct 2009, 08:17:35 EST by Deborah Wittahatchy

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