Adaptations architecturales du tissu osseux en réponse à l'exercice physique : intérêts et limites des méthodes non invasives utilisées chez l'homme

Ducher, Gaele and Blimkie, C. J. 2006, Adaptations architecturales du tissu osseux en réponse à l'exercice physique : intérêts et limites des méthodes non invasives utilisées chez l'homme, Science et Sports, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 255-267.

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Title Adaptations architecturales du tissu osseux en réponse à l'exercice physique : intérêts et limites des méthodes non invasives utilisées chez l'homme
Translated title Non invasive methods to study the effects of exercise on bone geometry and trabecular bone microarchitecture in vivo : applications and limits in humans
Author(s) Ducher, Gaele
Blimkie, C. J.
Journal name Science et Sports
Volume number 21
Issue number 5
Start page 255
End page 267
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2006-10
ISSN 0765-1597
Keyword(s) bone geometry
trabecular bone microarchitecture
quantitative computed tomography
magnetic resonance imaging
physical activity
Summary Aim
The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of the imaging techniques that are currently used to study the effects of exercise on bone architecture.

Current knowledge
It is now widely accepted that the prevention of osteoporosis must be initiated in childhood, because the immature skeleton is more responsive to physical loading. Exercise recommendations for bone health promotion must consider the effects of loading not only on the more traditional measures of bone mineral content and macroarchitecture, but also on the microarchitecture and structural properties of the skeleton. The latter requires high precision 3D methods like quantitative computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.

Prospects
Imaging resolutions used most commonly in exercise studies of children have sufficient precision to assess bone density and gross geometry. However, they remain insufficient to clearly depict and quantify the trabecular bone microarchitecture in vivo in humans.
Notes Text is in French; Summaries in English, French
Language fre
Field of Research 110602 Exercise Physiology
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2006, 2006 Elsevier Masson SAS
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30020376

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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