Life-change events and participation in physical activity : a systematic review

Allender, Steven, Hutchinson, Lauren and Foster, Charles 2008, Life-change events and participation in physical activity : a systematic review, Health promotion international, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 160-172, doi: 10.1093/heapro/dan012.

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Title Life-change events and participation in physical activity : a systematic review
Author(s) Allender, StevenORCID iD for Allender, Steven
Hutchinson, Lauren
Foster, Charles
Journal name Health promotion international
Volume number 23
Issue number 2
Start page 160
End page 172
Total pages 13
Publisher Oxford University Press
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publication date 2008-06
ISSN 0957-4824
Keyword(s) physical activity
life events
systematic review
Summary Physical inactivity and related diseases are of global public health concern. In many developing countries, levels of health promoting physical activity (PA) are falling despite government initiatives. Previous work has identified that periods of transition across a life course, or ‘life-change events’ have implications for drop out from PA. As yet, there has been little work to understand the life course as a whole and to furnish a complete list of possible life changes that might affect participation in PA. Our paper presents a review of the published literature in which life events have been studied in relation to their effect on participation in PA. A literature search was conducted for papers published between 1977 and April 2007 and referenced in Pubmed. Papers were reviewed if they; reported the effect of a life-change event; had PA as an outcome; reported results in English; and reported results from observational studies. The references for studies identified during this first phase were searched for further papers. Eighty-seven papers were identified as potentially relevant on the basis of title, of which 19 papers met the inclusion criteria on the basis of full text. Five life changes were identified; change in employment status; change in residence; change in physical status; change in relationships; and change in family structure. It was noted that few longitudinal studies examined PA both before and after a life event. A list of possible life events which might effect participation in PA is presented. This paper represents a first step towards a detailed programme of work on life-change events and PA.
Language eng
DOI 10.1093/heapro/dan012
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2008, Oxford University Press
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Public Health Research, Evaluation, and Policy Cluster
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