The application of the transtheoretical model to offender populations : some critical issues

Casey, Sharon, Day, Andrew and Howells, Kevin 2005, The application of the transtheoretical model to offender populations : some critical issues, Legal and criminological psychology, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 157-171.

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Title The application of the transtheoretical model to offender populations : some critical issues
Author(s) Casey, SharonORCID iD for Casey, Sharon
Day, Andrew
Howells, Kevin
Journal name Legal and criminological psychology
Volume number 10
Issue number 2
Start page 157
End page 171
Publisher British Psychological Society
Place of publication Leicester, England
Publication date 2005-09
ISSN 1355-3259
Keyword(s) BEHAVIOR modification
CRIMINAL behavior
TREATMENT programs
Summary Purpose : Over the past two decades, the transtheoretical model (TTM) of change has become perhaps the most widely used model of behaviour change in the treatment of addictive and/or problem behaviours. More recently, the stages of change component of the TTM has been adopted for use in forensic settings. This paper aims to review the application of the TTM model to offender populations.

Arguments : The application of the TTM to offenders raises a number of issues regarding the process of behaviour change for offenders attending treatment programmes. It is argued that while the TTM has been designed to account for high frequency behaviour (e.g. smoking, alcohol misuse), offending behaviour may be less frequent and the process of change less cyclical. Moreover, it is suggested that the most important issue in a treatment context is the proper integration of the TTM constructs. There have been few empirical tests of this aspect of the model.

Conclusion :
While the TTM may have some value in explaining how rehabilitation programmes help offenders to change their behaviour, the stages of change construct is, by itself, unlikely to adequately explain the process by which offenders desist from offending.
Language eng
Field of Research 170104 Forensic Psychology
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2005, The British Psychological Society
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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