The effect of tai chi on psychosocial well-being : a systematic review of randomized controlled trials

Wang, Wei Chun, Zhang, Anthony Lin, Rasmussen, Bodil, Lin, Li-Wei, Dunning, Trisha, Kang, Seung Wan, Park, Byung-Joo and Lo, Sing Kai 2009, The effect of tai chi on psychosocial well-being : a systematic review of randomized controlled trials, Journal of acupuncture and meridian studies, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 171-181, doi: 10.1016/S2005-2901(09)60052-2.

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Title The effect of tai chi on psychosocial well-being : a systematic review of randomized controlled trials
Author(s) Wang, Wei ChunORCID iD for Wang, Wei Chun
Zhang, Anthony Lin
Rasmussen, BodilORCID iD for Rasmussen, Bodil
Lin, Li-Wei
Dunning, TrishaORCID iD for Dunning, Trisha
Kang, Seung Wan
Park, Byung-Joo
Lo, Sing Kai
Journal name Journal of acupuncture and meridian studies
Volume number 2
Issue number 3
Start page 171
End page 181
Total pages 11
Publisher Elsevier Korea LLC. Health Sciences
Place of publication Seoul, Korea
Publication date 2009-09
ISSN 2005-2901
Keyword(s) critical appraisal
mental health
oriental medicine
Summary Objective : This systematic review aimed to critically appraise published clinical trials designed to assess the effect of Tai Chi on psychosocial well-being.

Data Sources : Databases searched included MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, HEALT, PsycINFO, CISCOM, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials of the Cochrane Library, and dissertations and conference proceedings from inception to August 2008.

Review Methods : Methodological quality was assessed using a modified Jadad scale. A total of 15 studies met the inclusion criteria (i.e. English publications of randomized controlled trials with Tai Chi as an intervention and psychological well-being as an outcome measure), of which eight were high quality trials. The psychosocial outcomes measured included anxiety (eight studies), depression (eight studies), mood (four studies), stress (two studies), general mental health three studies), anger, positive and negative effect, self-esteem, life satisfaction, social interaction and self-rated health (one study each).

Results : Tai Chi intervention was found to have a significant effect in 13 studies, especially in the management of depression and anxiety. Although the results seemed to suggest Tai Chi is effective, they should be interpreted cautiously as the quality of the trials varied substantially. Furthermore, significant findings were shown in only six high quality studies. Moreover, significant between group differences after Tai Chi intervention was demonstrated in only one high quality study (the other three significant results were observed in non-high quality studies). Two high quality studies in fact found no significant Tai Chi effects.

Conclusion : It is still premature to make any conclusive remarks on the effect of Tai Chi on psychosocial well-being.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/S2005-2901(09)60052-2
Field of Research 110404 Traditional Chinese Medicine and Treatments
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2009
Copyright notice ©2009, Korean Pharmacopuncture Institute
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