Effect of a low-resource-intensive lifestyle modification program incorporating gymnasium-based and home-based resistance training on type 2 diabetes risk in Australian adults

Payne, Warren R., Walsh, Kerry J., Harvey, Jack T., Livy, Michelle F., McKenzie, Kylie J., Donaldson, Alex, Atkinson, Meredith G., Keogh, Jennifer B., Moss, Robert S., Dunstan, David W. and Hubbard, Wendy A. 2008, Effect of a low-resource-intensive lifestyle modification program incorporating gymnasium-based and home-based resistance training on type 2 diabetes risk in Australian adults, Diabetes care, vol. 31, no. 12, pp. 2244-2250.


Title Effect of a low-resource-intensive lifestyle modification program incorporating gymnasium-based and home-based resistance training on type 2 diabetes risk in Australian adults
Author(s) Payne, Warren R.
Walsh, Kerry J.
Harvey, Jack T.
Livy, Michelle F.
McKenzie, Kylie J.
Donaldson, Alex
Atkinson, Meredith G.
Keogh, Jennifer B.
Moss, Robert S.
Dunstan, David W.
Hubbard, Wendy A.
Journal name Diabetes care
Volume number 31
Issue number 12
Start page 2244
End page 2250
Publisher American Diabetes Association
Place of publication [Alexandria, Va.]
Publication date 2008-12
ISSN 0149-5992
1935-5548
1064-9131
Summary OBJECTIVE--The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a low-resource-intensive lifestyle modification program incorporating resistance training and to compare a gymnasium-based with a home-based resistance training program on diabetes diagnosis status and risk.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS--A quasi-experimental two-group study was undertaken with 122 participants with diabetes risk factors; 36.9% had impaired glucose tolerance (1GT) or impaired fasting glucose (IFG) at baseline. The intervention included a 6-week group self-management education program, a gymnasium-based or home-based 12-week resistance training program, and a 34-week maintenance program. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and 2-h plasma glucose, blood lipids, blood pressure, body composition, physical activity, and diet were assessed at baseline and week 52.

RESULTS--Mean 2-h plasma glucose and FPG fell by 0.34 mmol/1 (95% CI--0.60 to--0.08) and 0.15 mmol/l (-0.23 to -0.07), respectively. The proportion of participants with IFG or IGT decreased from 36.9 to 23.0% (P = 0.006). Mean weight loss was 4.07 kg (-4.99 to -3.15). The only significant difference between resistance training groups was a greater reduction in systolic blood pressure for the gymnasium-based group (P = 0.008).

CONCLUSIONS--This intervention significantly improved diabetes diagnostic status and reduced diabetes risk to a degree comparable to that of other low-resource-intensive lifestyle modification programs and more intensive interventions applied to individuals with IGT. The effects of home-based and gymnasium-based resistance training did not differ significantly.
Language eng
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2008, American Diabetes Association
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30020830

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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