Long term performance of conductivity of p-toluene sulfonic acid (pTSA) doped electrochemically synthesized polypyrrole (PPy) films was estimated from accelerated aging studies between 80 °C and 120 °C. Conductivity decay experiments indicated that overall aging behavior of PPy films deviated from first order kinetics at prolonged aging times at elevated temperatures. However, an approximate value for the activation energy of the conductivity decay of PPy was calculated as E=47.4 kJ/mol, enabling an estimate of a rate constant of k=8.35×10−6/min at 20 °C. The rate of decrease of conductivity was not only temperature dependent but also influenced by the dopant concentration. A concentration of 0.005 M pTSA in the electrolyte resulted in a conductive film and when this film was exposed to 120 °C for a period of 40 h, the conductivity decayed to about 1/20 of its original value. The concentration of pTSA was increased to 0.05 mol/l and when the resulting film was aged in the same way, it showed a decrease in the conductivity to about 1/3 of its original value. Both microwave transmission and dc conductivity data revealed that highly doped films were considerably more electrically stable than lightly doped films. The dopant had a preserving effect on the electrical properties of PPy.
The original publication can be found at www.springerlink.com
Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact email@example.com.