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Improving comfort levels in Darwin houses through passive design

Kane, A., Fuller, R. J., Luther, M. B. and Boldys, R. 2009, Improving comfort levels in Darwin houses through passive design, in ANZSES 2009 : Proceedings of the Solar 2009 the 47th ANZSES Annual Conference, ANZSES, Townsville, Queensland, pp. 1-10.

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Title Improving comfort levels in Darwin houses through passive design
Author(s) Kane, A.
Fuller, R. J.
Luther, M. B.
Boldys, R.
Conference name ANZSES Conference (47th : 2009 : Townsville, Queensland)
Conference location Townsville, Queensland
Conference dates 29 September - 2 October 2009
Title of proceedings ANZSES 2009 : Proceedings of the Solar 2009 the 47th ANZSES Annual Conference
Editor(s) [Unknown]
Publication date 2009
Conference series Australian and New Zealand Solar Energy Society Conference
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher ANZSES
Place of publication Townsville, Queensland
Keyword(s) Darwin
housing
passive design
thermal comfort
Summary Darwin`s climate is hot and humid and as a result the use of residential air-conditioners is high. Although this technology allows the occupant to achieve thermal comfort, its use contributes directly to an increase in the emission of greenhouse gases. More environmentally-friendly ways of achieving residential thermal comfort in this climate need to be investigated. One method is to improve the home`s passive design. The aim of this research was to increase the thermal comfort of typical Darwin homes without the use of air conditioning. Temperature data from two houses (lightweight elevated and concrete) was recorded over a nine-day period and used to validate a TRNSYS simulation model of each house. Simulations were run using these validated models and three months of climatic data (January—March) to evaluate various passive design strategies. The success of three strategies was analysed using PMV and PPD indicators. As a single strategy, it was found that ventilation and air velocity by far increased the level of thermal comfort for occupants of both houses. Although the passive design strategies of increased shading and insulation were beneficial, Darwin`s ovemight low temperature and humidity are still too high to reduce these levels within the house significantly without air conditioning.
Notes Deakin University gratefully acknowledges permission of the Australian and New Zealand Solar Energy Society to publish these papers
Language eng
Field of Research 120101 Architectural Design
Socio Economic Objective 850799 Energy Conservation and Efficiency not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category E1 Full written paper - refereed
Copyright notice ©2009, ANZSES
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30021255

Document type: Conference Paper
Collections: School of Architecture and Built Environment
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.