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Current status of farming practices of striped catfish, Pangasianodon hypophthalmus in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam

Phan, Lam T., Bui, Tam M., Nguyen, Thuy T.T., Gooley, Geoff J., Ingram, Brett A., Nguyen, Hao V., Nguyen, Phuong T. and De Silva, Sena S. 2009, Current status of farming practices of striped catfish, Pangasianodon hypophthalmus in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam, Aquaculture, vol. 296, no. 3-4, pp. 227-236, doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2009.08.017.

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Title Current status of farming practices of striped catfish, Pangasianodon hypophthalmus in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam
Formatted title Current status of farming practices of striped catfish, Pangasianodon hypophthalmus in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam
Author(s) Phan, Lam T.
Bui, Tam M.
Nguyen, Thuy T.T.
Gooley, Geoff J.
Ingram, Brett A.
Nguyen, Hao V.
Nguyen, Phuong T.
De Silva, Sena S.ORCID iD for De Silva, Sena S. orcid.org/0000-0001-9381-2136
Journal name Aquaculture
Volume number 296
Issue number 3-4
Start page 227
End page 236
Publisher Elsevier Scientific
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publication date 2009
ISSN 0044-8486
1873-5622
Keyword(s) striped catfish
farming practices
tra
Pangasianodon hypophthalmus
Vietnam
grow-out
Summary Aquaculture of catfish, Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (Sauvage), locally known as “ca tra”, and commonly referred to as striped catfish, river catfish and sutchi catfish, in Vietnam, having recorded a production of 683,000 tonnes in 2007, valued at about 645 million US$ is one of the largest single species based farming system, restricted to a small geographical area, in the world. The product is almost totally exported to over 100 countries as frozen fillets, as an acceptable alternative to white fish. Catfish is farmed mostly in earthen ponds, up to 4 m deep, in nine provinces in the Mekong Delta in South Vietnam. The results of the grow-out system of catfish farming in the Mekong Delta from a survey of 89 farms are presented. The farm size ranged from 0.2 to 30 ha with a mean of 4.09 ha. The frequency distribution of the yield in tonne/ha/crop and tonne/ML/crop corresponded to a normal distribution curve, where 75% of the farms yielded 300 tonnes/ha/crop or more. It was found that the yield per crop was significantly correlated (p < 0.05) to stocking density, pond depth and volume but not to pond surface area. Yields per crop was significantly different (p < 0.05) between upper and lower provinces of the Mekong Delta and water source (river versus channels), amongst others. It was evident that diseases and/or symptoms were observed to occur mostly in accordance with the onset of rains. In this paper the history of the catfish farming in the Mekong Delta is briefly traced, and current harvesting and marketing procedures as well as pertinent social elements of the farming community are dealt with.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2009.08.017
Field of Research 070401 Aquaculture
Socio Economic Objective 970107 Expanding Knowledge in the Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2009, Crown Copyright
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30021373

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Life and Environmental Sciences
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Created: Mon, 14 Dec 2009, 21:10:48 EST by Thuy Nguyen

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