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Modifiable determinants of youth violence in Australia and the United States : a longitudinal study

Hemphill, Sheryl A., Smith, Rachel, Toumbourou, John, Herrenkohl, Todd I, Catalano, Richard F., McMorris, Barbara J. and Romaniuk, Helena 2009, Modifiable determinants of youth violence in Australia and the United States : a longitudinal study, Australian and New Zealand journal of criminology, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 289-309.

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Title Modifiable determinants of youth violence in Australia and the United States : a longitudinal study
Author(s) Hemphill, Sheryl A.
Smith, Rachel
Toumbourou, JohnORCID iD for Toumbourou, John
Herrenkohl, Todd I
Catalano, Richard F.
McMorris, Barbara J.
Romaniuk, Helena
Journal name Australian and New Zealand journal of criminology
Volume number 42
Issue number 3
Start page 289
End page 309
Total pages 21
Publisher SAGE Publications
Place of publication Melbourne,Vic.
Publication date 2009-12
ISSN 0004-8658
Keyword(s) youth violence
cross-national study
longitudinal study
risk and protective factors
Summary Youth violence is a global problem. Few studies have examined whrther the prevalence or predictors of youth violence are similar in comparable Western countries like Australia and the United States (US). In the current article, analyses are conducted using two waves of data collected as part of a longitudinal study of adolescent development in approximately 4,000 students aged 12 to 16 years in Victoria, Australia and Washington State, US. Students completed a self-report survey of problem behaviours including violent behaviour, as well as risk and protective factors across five domains (individual, family, peer, school, community). Compared to Washington State, rates of attacking or beating another over the past 12 months were lower in Victoria for females in the first survey and higher for Victorian males in the follow-up survey. Preliminary analyses did not show state-specific predictors of violent behaviour. In the final multivariate analyses of the combined Washington State and Victorian samples, protective factors were being female and student emotion control. Risk factors were prior violent behaviour, family conflict, association with violent peers, community disorganisation, community norms favourable to drug use, school suspensions and arrests. Given the similarity of influential factors in North America and Australia, application of US early intervention and prevention programs may be warranted, with some tailoring to the Australian context.
Language eng
Field of Research 111714 Mental Health
Socio Economic Objective 920410 Mental Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2009, SAGE Publications
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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