Visual guidance during competition performance and run-through training in long jumping

Bradshaw, Elizabeth J. and Aisbett, Brad 2006, Visual guidance during competition performance and run-through training in long jumping, Sports biomechanics, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1-14.

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Title Visual guidance during competition performance and run-through training in long jumping
Author(s) Bradshaw, Elizabeth J.ORCID iD for Bradshaw, Elizabeth J. orcid.org/0000-0003-2271-2351
Aisbett, BradORCID iD for Aisbett, Brad orcid.org/0000-0001-8077-0272
Journal name Sports biomechanics
Volume number 5
Issue number 1
Start page 1
End page 14
Publisher Routledge
Place of publication Oxfordshire, England
Publication date 2006-01
ISSN 1476-3141
1752-6116
Keyword(s) gait
long jump
perception
training
vision
Summary To ensure precise foot placement on the take-off board, long jumpers visually regulate their stride pattern during their run-up. A relationship between how much visual guidance they use and the horizontal distance they jump has not, however, been quantified. Run-up precision is often practiced using run-throughs, which exclude the take-off and, therefore, the high physical stress of the complete long jump. The validity with which this common training method simulates the long jump approach remains, however, to be verified. Four state-standard long jumpers and two heptathletes completed two sessions, each comprising six run-throughs and six competition long jumps. A 50 Hz video camera was manually panned from an elevated platform to film each trial, to enable subsequent gait characteristic evaluations. Linear regression analyses identified that a longer visual regulation phase, measured in time, distance or number of strides, was a key predictor of long jump distance. The number of strides that were visually regulated during the long jump approach was, accordingly, positively correlated with long jump distance (r = 0.67, p = 0.001). The amount of visual regulation used during run-throughs was, however, less than half (p = 0.001) of that observed during long jump approaches. Our results should compel long jump coaches to supplement run-through training with additional visual guidance exercises, to encourage their athletes to visually regulate more of their long jump approach.
Language eng
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2006, Taylor & Francis
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30021877

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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