Undiagnosed and potentially lethal parasite infections among immigrants and refugees in Australia

Caruana, Sonia R., Kelly, Heath A., Ngeow, Joanne Y.Y., Ryan, Norbert J., Bennett, Catherine M., Chea, Ley, Nuon, Sophy, Bak, Narin, Skull, Susan A. and Biggs, Beverley-Ann 2006, Undiagnosed and potentially lethal parasite infections among immigrants and refugees in Australia, Journal of travel medicine, vol. 13, no. 4, July-August, pp. 233-239.


Title Undiagnosed and potentially lethal parasite infections among immigrants and refugees in Australia
Author(s) Caruana, Sonia R.
Kelly, Heath A.
Ngeow, Joanne Y.Y.
Ryan, Norbert J.
Bennett, Catherine M.
Chea, Ley
Nuon, Sophy
Bak, Narin
Skull, Susan A.
Biggs, Beverley-Ann
Journal name Journal of travel medicine
Volume number 13
Issue number 4
Season July-August
Start page 233
End page 239
Publisher Wiley - Blackwell Publishing
Place of publication Hoboken, N.J.
Publication date 2006-07
ISSN 1195-1982
1708-8305
Summary Background: Intestinal parasite infections are a major cause of ill health in many resource-poor countries. This study compares the types and rates of these infections and their risk factors in recently arrived and long-term immigrants in Australia.

Method
: Cross-sectional surveys of 127 East African and 234 Cambodian immigrants and refugees were undertaken in 2000 and 2002, respectively, to assess the burden of intestinal parasites and collect demographic information. Serum samples were assessed for eosinophilia and Strongyloides stercoralis and Schistosoma antibodies, and feces examined for ova, cysts, and parasites.

Results: Intestinal parasites were identified in 77/117 fecal samples from East African and in 25/204 samples collected from Cambodian participants. Eleven percent (14/124) of East Africans and 42% (97/230) of Cambodians had positive or equivocal serology for S stercoralis. Schistosoma serology was positive or equivocal in 15% (19/124) of East African participants.

Conclusion
: Potentially serious intestinal parasite infections are common among recent and longer term immigrants despite multiple visits to health care providers. Immigrants and refugees from high-risk countries would benefit from comprehensive health checks soon after resettlement.
Language eng
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2006, International Society of Travel Medicine
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30021889

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Health and Social Development
Higher Education Research Group
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