Risk factors for female sexual dysfunction in the general population : exploring factors associated with low sexual function and sexual distress

Hayes, Richard D, Dennerstein, Lorraine, Bennett, Catherine M, Sidat, Mohsin, Gurrin, Lyle and Fairley, Christopher K 2008, Risk factors for female sexual dysfunction in the general population : exploring factors associated with low sexual function and sexual distress, Journal of sexual medicine, vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 1681-1693.

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Title Risk factors for female sexual dysfunction in the general population : exploring factors associated with low sexual function and sexual distress
Author(s) Hayes, Richard D
Dennerstein, Lorraine
Bennett, Catherine M
Sidat, Mohsin
Gurrin, Lyle
Fairley, Christopher K
Journal name Journal of sexual medicine
Volume number 5
Issue number 7
Start page 1681
End page 1693
Total pages 13
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publication date 2008-04
ISSN 1743-6095
1743-6109
Keyword(s) female sexual dysfunction
population based
risk factors
sexual distress
low sexual function
Summary Introduction. No previous population-based studies have used validated instruments to measure female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in Australian women across a broad age range.
Aim. To estimate prevalence and explore factors associated with the  components of FSD.
Main Outcome Measures. Sexual Function Questionnaire measured low sexual function. Female Sexual Distress Scale measured sexual distress.
Methods. Multivariate analysis of postal survey data from a random sample of 356 women aged 20–70 years.
Results. Low desire was more likely to occur in women in relationships for 20–29 years (odds ratio 3.7, 95% confidence intervals 1.1–12.8) and less likely in women reporting greater satisfaction with their partner as a lover (0.3, 0.1–0.9) or who placed greater importance on sex (0.1, 0.03–0.3). Low genital arousal was more likely among women who were perimenopausal (4.4, 1.2–15.7), postmenopausal (5.3, 1.6–17.7), or depressed (2.5, 1.1–5.3), and was less likely in women taking hormone therapy (0.2, 0.04–0.7), more educated (0.5, 0.3–0.96), in their 30s (0.2, 0.1–0.7) or 40s (0.2, 0.1–0.7), or placed greater importance on sex (0.2, 0.05–0.5). Low orgasmic function was less likely in women who were in their 30s (0.3, 0.1–0.8) or who placed greater importance on sex (0.3, 0.1–0.7). Sexual distress was positively associated with depression (3.1, 1.2–7.8) and was inversely associated with better communication of sexual needs (0.2, 0.05–0.5). Results were adjusted for other covariates including age, psychological, socioeconomic, physiological, and relationship factors.
Conclusions. Relationship factors were more important to low desire than age or menopause, whereas physiological and psychological factors were more important to low genital arousal and low orgasmic function than relationship factors. Sexual distress was associated with both psychological and relationship factors.
Language eng
Field of Research 130308 Gender, Sexuality and Education
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2008, International Society for Sexual Medicine
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30021945

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Health and Social Development
Higher Education Research Group
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