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Protein nutrition in fibromyalgia

Koutoubi, Samer, Cartmel, John W., Kestin, Mark and Lecovin, Geoffrey 2007, Protein nutrition in fibromyalgia, Journal of chronic fatigue syndrome, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 47-58, doi: 10.1300/J092v14n03_05.

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Title Protein nutrition in fibromyalgia
Author(s) Koutoubi, Samer
Cartmel, John W.
Kestin, Mark
Lecovin, Geoffrey
Journal name Journal of chronic fatigue syndrome
Volume number 14
Issue number 3
Start page 47
End page 58
Publisher The Haworth Medical Press
Place of publication Binghamton, N.Y.
Publication date 2007-01
ISSN 1057-3321
Keyword(s) fibromyalgia
fibrositis
muscular disease
protein nutrition
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
chronic fatigue syndrome
Summary Background: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a soft-tissue disease of unknown origin. It causes soft-tissue pain and stiffness, often with chronic fatigue, disrupted sleep, headaches and irritable bowel. Fibromyalgia affects an estimated six million Americans of which 80 to 90 percent are female.

Objective: To determine whether dietary intake of protein, Tryptophan, and Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA) meet Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) recommendations, and whether there is a difference in animal and vegetable protein intake in subjects with FM compared to healthy controls.

Methods: Thirty subjects with FM and an equal number of controls completed a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) regarding dietary intake over the previous month. The FFQs were then computer analyzed to determine dietary intake.

Results: Protein intake of all subjects was more than adequate to meet DRI recommendations and there was no significant difference in intake of protein, BCAA, Tryptophan, animal or vegetable protein. Subjects with FM had significantly higher body weight and Body Mass Index (BMI) than controls, and reported having a higher incidence of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) symptoms than controls.

Conclusion
: There was no significant difference in dietary intake of protein, Tryptophan, BCAA, or amounts of animal or vegetable protein in FM subjects compared to healthy controls. Significant differences in body weight and BMI in FM subjects might be related to less physical activity or possibly to malabsorption problems associated with IBS. Malabsorption related to IBS might increase the potential for protein malnutrition, FM, and associated symptoms like chronic fatigue.
Language eng
DOI 10.1300/J092v14n03_05
Field of Research 110399 Clinical Sciences not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2007, The Haworth Press
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30021982

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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