Active school playgrounds - myth or reality? Results of the "Move It Groove It" project

Zask, A, van Beurden, Eric, Barnett, Lisa, Brooks, L and Dietrich, U 2001, Active school playgrounds - myth or reality? Results of the "Move It Groove It" project, Preventive medicine, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 402-408.


Title Active school playgrounds - myth or reality? Results of the "Move It Groove It" project
Author(s) Zask, A
van Beurden, Eric
Barnett, Lisa
Brooks, L
Dietrich, U
Journal name Preventive medicine
Volume number 33
Issue number 5
Start page 402
End page 408
Publisher Academic Press
Place of publication San Diego, Calif.
Publication date 2001-11
ISSN 0091-7435
1096-0260
Keyword(s) schools
child
exercise
health behavior
logistic models
evaluation studies
cardiovascular disease
Summary Background: School playgrounds during break times provide potential opportunities for children to be active during the school day. However, there is limited research on how active children really are during these breaks.

Methods: The CAST (Children's Activity Scanning Tool) instrument was developed, validated, and used to assess the percentages of children engaged in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and vigorous physical activity (VPA—a subset of MVPA) in 18 primary schools (children ages 5–12) in rural Australia. Related environmental factors were also measured.

Results: For a school of median size (200 students), 51.4% of boys and 41.6% of girls were engaged in MVPA while 14.7% of boys and 9.4% of girls were engaged in VPA. Levels of engagement in MVPA and VPA were significantly higher during lunch periods than during recess. MVPA and VPA engagement in smaller schools was significantly higher than in larger schools.

Conclusions
: With growing concern about children's physical activity (PA), school playgrounds offer an opportunity to increase children's MVPA engagement especially among girls. Consideration may be given to the lengthening of recess periods in order to increase PA levels. More research is needed to investigate factors affecting PA levels in larger schools.
Language eng
Field of Research 111704 Community Child Health
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2001, Academic Press
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30022516

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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