Ecological processes : a key element in strategies for nature conservation

Bennett, Andrew F., Haslem, Angie, Cheal, David C., Clarke, Michael F., Jones, Roger N., Koehn, John D., Lake, Sam, Lumsden, Linda F., Lunt, Ian D., Mackey, Brendan G., Mac Nally, Ralph, Menkhorst, Peter W., New, Tim R., Newell, Graeme R., O’Hara, Tim, Quinn, Gerry P., Radford, James Q., Robinson, Doug, Watson, James E. M. and Yen, Alan L. 2009, Ecological processes : a key element in strategies for nature conservation, Ecological management and restoration, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 192-199, doi: 10.1111/j.1442-8903.2009.00489.x.

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Title Ecological processes : a key element in strategies for nature conservation
Author(s) Bennett, Andrew F.
Haslem, Angie
Cheal, David C.
Clarke, Michael F.
Jones, Roger N.
Koehn, John D.
Lake, Sam
Lumsden, Linda F.
Lunt, Ian D.
Mackey, Brendan G.
Mac Nally, Ralph
Menkhorst, Peter W.
New, Tim R.
Newell, Graeme R.
O’Hara, Tim
Quinn, Gerry P.ORCID iD for Quinn, Gerry P.
Radford, James Q.
Robinson, Doug
Watson, James E. M.
Yen, Alan L.
Journal name Ecological management and restoration
Volume number 10
Issue number 3
Start page 192
End page 199
Total pages 8
Publisher Wiley - Blackwell Publishing Asia
Place of publication Richmond, Vic.
Publication date 2009-12
ISSN 1442-7001
Keyword(s) biodivesity management
threatening processes
anthropogenic change
ecological monitoring
Summary A common approach to nature conservation is to identify and protect natural 'assets’ such as ecosystems and threatened species. While such actions are essential, protection of assets will not be effective unless the ecological processes that sustain them are maintained. Here, we consider the role of ecological processes and the complementary perspective for conservation arising from an emphasis on process. Many kinds of ecological processes sustain biodiversity: including climatic processes, primary productivity, hydrological processes, formation of biophysical habitats, interactions between species, movements of organisms and natural disturbance regimes. Anthropogenic threats to conservation exert their influence by modifying or disrupting these processes. Such threats extend across tenures, they frequently occur offsite, they commonly induce non-linear responses, changes may be irreversible and the full consequences may not be experienced for lengthy periods. While many managers acknowledge these considerations in principle, there is much scope for greater recognition of ecological processes in nature conservation and greater emphasis on long time-frames and large spatial scales in conservation planning. Practical measures that promote ecological processes include: monitoring to determine the trajectory and rate of processes; incorporating surrogates for processes in conservation and restoration projects; specific interventions to manipulate and restore processes; and planning for the ecological future before options are foreclosed. The long-term conservation of biodiversity and the wellbeing of human society depend upon both the protection of natural assets and maintaining the integrity of the ecological processes that sustain them.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1442-8903.2009.00489.x
Field of Research 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity
Socio Economic Objective 961306 Remnant Vegetation and Protected Conservation Areas in Forest and Woodlands Environments
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
HERDC collection year 2009
Copyright notice ©2009, Ecological Society of Australia
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