The performance of a solar-boosted heat pump water heater (HPWH) operating under full load and part load conditions was determined in an outdoor experimental study. The system utilised flat unglazed aluminium solar evaporator panels to absorb solar and ambient energy. Absorbed energy was transferred to the water tank by means of the heat pump and a wrap around condenser coil on the outside of the tank. The system COP was found to be in the range of 5–7 under clear daytime conditions and 3–5 under clear night-time conditions. Using part load testing of the HPWH system it was found that concentrating the coils in the lower portion of the tank could increase the efficiency of the condenser coil. It was also shown that there exists a generalised linear relationship that can be used to describe the system COP in terms of the temperature difference between the water in the storage tank and the ambient air.
Field of Research
091399 Mechanical Engineering not elsewhere classified