The introduction of the Workplace Relations (WorkChoices) Amendment Act 2005 (Cwlth) proved to be one of the most contentious changes to federal labour law in Australia's history. There is considerable debate as to whether it fulfilled the government's expectations of giving 'flexibility' and 'choice' to both employees and employers or whether it resulted in an overall deterioration in working conditions. In order to assess the impact of WorkChoices on Australian businesses and their employees, this study reports data from a survey of 5,600 human resource professionals throughout Australia. Despite the limitations of the survey, the survey evidence reveals that most human resource professionals did not report any significant changes in productivity, job creation or work family balance as a consequence of the new workplace laws. Moreover, only a minority expected an improvement over the next 3 years.