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Cut-points for waist circumference in Europids and South Asians

Cameron, Adrian J., Sicree, Richard A., Zimmet, Paul Z., Alberti, K. George M. M., Tonkin, Andrew M., Balkau, Beverley, Tuomilehto, Jaakko, Chitson, Pierrot and Shaw, Jonathan E. 2009, Cut-points for waist circumference in Europids and South Asians, Obesity, vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 2039-2046.

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Title Cut-points for waist circumference in Europids and South Asians
Author(s) Cameron, Adrian J.
Sicree, Richard A.
Zimmet, Paul Z.
Alberti, K. George M. M.
Tonkin, Andrew M.
Balkau, Beverley
Tuomilehto, Jaakko
Chitson, Pierrot
Shaw, Jonathan E.
Journal name Obesity
Volume number 18
Issue number 10
Start page 2039
End page 2046
Total pages 8
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2009-12-17
ISSN 1930-7381
1930-739X
Summary There is little strong evidence that currently recommended higher waist circumference cut-points for Europids compared with South Asians are associated with similar risk for type 2 diabetes. This study was designed to provide such evidence. Longitudinal studies over 5 years were conducted among 5,515 Europid and 2,214 ethnically South Asian participants. Age-standardized diabetes incidence at different levels of waist circumference and incidence difference relative to a reference value were calculated. The Youden Index was used to determine waist circumference cut-points. At currently recommended cut-points, estimated annual diabetes incidence for a 50-year-old Europid was <0.6% for both sexes, and for a 50-year-old South Asian, 5.8% for men and 2.1% for women. Annual diabetes incidence of 1% was observed for a 50 year old at a waist circumference 35–40 cm greater in Europid compared to South Asian men and women. Incidence difference between recommended cut-points and a reference value (80 cm in men, 70 cm in women) was 0.3 and 4.4% per year for Europid and South Asian men, and 0.2 and 0.8% per year for Europid and South Asian women, respectively. Waist circumference cut-points chosen using the Youden Index were shown to be dependent on obesity levels in the population. The much higher observed risk of diabetes in South Asians compared to Europids at the respective recommended waist circumference cut-points suggests that differences between them should be greater. Approaches that use the Youden Index to select waist circumference cut-points are inappropriate and should not be used for this purpose.
Notes Advance online publication. IF: 2.8
Language eng
Field of Research 111103 Nutritional Physiology
111716 Preventive Medicine
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2009, The Obesity Society
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30024029

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.