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Sperm competition and offspring viability at hybridization in Australian tree frogs, Litoria peronii and L. tyleri

Sherman, C.D.H., Wapstra, E. and Olsson, M . 2010, Sperm competition and offspring viability at hybridization in Australian tree frogs, Litoria peronii and L. tyleri, Heredity, vol. 104, pp. 141-147, doi: 10.1038/hdy.2009.118.

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Title Sperm competition and offspring viability at hybridization in Australian tree frogs, Litoria peronii and L. tyleri
Author(s) Sherman, C.D.H.ORCID iD for Sherman, C.D.H. orcid.org/0000-0003-2099-0462
Wapstra, E.
Olsson, M .
Journal name Heredity
Volume number 104
Start page 141
End page 147
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2010-02
ISSN 0018-067X
1365-2540
Keyword(s) Fertilization
Genetic relatedness
Hybridization
Offspring fitness
Sperm competition
Summary Hybridization between closely related species often leads to reduced viability or fertility of offspring. Complete failure of hybrid offspring (post-zygotic hybrid incompatibilities) may have an important role in maintaining the integrity of reproductive barriers between closely related species. We show elsewhere that in Peron's tree frog, Litoria peronii, males more closely related to a female sire more offspring in sperm competition with a less related rival male. Observations of rare 'phenotypic intermediate' males between L. peronii and the closely related L. tyleri made us suggest that these relatedness effects on siring success may be because of selection arising from risks of costly hybridization between the two species. Here, we test this hypothesis in an extensive sperm competition experiment, which shows that there is no effect of species identity on probability of fertilization in sperm competition trials controlling for sperm concentration and sperm viability. Instead, there was a close agreement between a male's siring success in isolation with a female and his siring success with the same female in competition with a rival male regardless of species identity. Offspring viability and survival, however, were strongly influenced by species identity. Over a 14-day period, hybrid offspring suffered increasing mortality and developed more malformations and an obvious inability to swim and right themselves, leading to compromised probability of survival. Thus, hybridization in these sympatric tree frogs does not compromise fertilization but has a strong impact on offspring viability and opportunity for reinforcement selection on mate choice for conspecific partners.
Language eng
DOI 10.1038/hdy.2009.118
Field of Research 060399 Evolutionary Biology not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category CN.1 Other journal article
Copyright notice ©2010, Macmillan Publishers Limited.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30024144

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