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The association of levels of physical activity with metabolic syndrome in rural Australian adults

Vaughan, Clare, Schoo, Adrian, Janus, Edward D., Philpot, Benjamin, Davis-Lameloise, Nathalie, Lo, Sing Kai, Laatikainen, Tiina, Vartianen, Erkki and Dunbar, James 2009, The association of levels of physical activity with metabolic syndrome in rural Australian adults, BMC Public Health, vol. 9, no. Article 273, pp. 1-7.

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Title The association of levels of physical activity with metabolic syndrome in rural Australian adults
Author(s) Vaughan, Clare
Schoo, Adrian
Janus, Edward D.
Philpot, Benjamin
Davis-Lameloise, Nathalie
Lo, Sing Kai
Laatikainen, Tiina
Vartianen, Erkki
Dunbar, James
Journal name BMC Public Health
Volume number 9
Issue number Article 273
Start page 1
End page 7
Publisher BioMed Central Ltd.
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2009
ISSN 1471-2458
Summary Background:  Physical activity (PA) reduces risk factors related to metabolic syndrome. Rurality influences the way people incorporate physical activity into daily life. The aim of this study is to determine the association of PA level with metabolic syndrome in a rural Australian population. The influence of adiposity on these associations is also investigated.

Methods: Three cross-sectional population health surveys were conducted in south-east Australia during 2004–2006 using a random population sample (n = 1563, participation rate 49%) aged 25–74 years. PA was assessed via a self-administered questionnaire, and components of the metabolic syndrome via anthropometric measurements taken by specially trained nurses and laboratory tests.

Results: Approximately one-fifth of participants were inactive in leisure-time and over one-third had metabolic syndrome (men 39%, women 33%; p = 0.022). There was an inverse association between level of PA and metabolic syndrome (p < 0.001). Men who were inactive in leisure-time were more than twice as likely and women more than three times as likely to have metabolic syndrome compared with those having high PA. Body mass index (BMI) is a mediating factor in the association between level of PA and metabolic syndrome.

Conclusion: Some PA is better than none if adults, particularly women, are to reduce their risk of metabolic syndrome and associated vascular diseases. Specialised interventions that take rurality into consideration are recommended for adults who are inactive.
Language eng
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920506 Rural Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2009, Vaughan et al.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30024912

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.