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Vasodilator mechanisms in the dorsal aorta of the giant shovelnose ray, Rhinobatus typus (Rajiformes; Rhinobatidae)

Donald, John A., Broughton, Brad R. S. and Bennett, Michael B. 2004, Vasodilator mechanisms in the dorsal aorta of the giant shovelnose ray, Rhinobatus typus (Rajiformes; Rhinobatidae), Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A : molecular and integrative physiology, vol. 137, no. 1, pp. 21-31, doi: 10.1016/S1095-6433(03)00260-5.

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Title Vasodilator mechanisms in the dorsal aorta of the giant shovelnose ray, Rhinobatus typus (Rajiformes; Rhinobatidae)
Author(s) Donald, John A.ORCID iD for Donald, John A. orcid.org/0000-0001-5930-2642
Broughton, Brad R. S.
Bennett, Michael B.
Journal name Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A : molecular and integrative physiology
Volume number 137
Issue number 1
Start page 21
End page 31
Total pages 11
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2004-01
ISSN 1095-6433
1531-4332
Summary This study investigated the nature of previous termvasodilator mechanismsnext term in the dorsal aorta of the giant shovelnose ray, Rhinobatus typus. Anatomical techniques found no evidence for an endothelial nitric oxide synthase, but neural nitric oxide synthase was found to be present in the perivascular nerve fibres of the dorsal aorta and other arteries and veins using both NADPH-diaphorase staining and immunohistochemistry with a specific neural NOS antibody. Arteries and veins both contained large nNOS-positive nerve trunks from which smaller nNOS-positive bundles branched and formed a plexus in the vessel wall. Single, varicose nNOS-positive nerve fibres were present in both arteries and veins. Within the large bundles of both arteries and veins, groups of nNOS-positive cell bodies forming microganglia were observed. Double-labelling immunohistochemistry using an antibody to tyrosine hydroxylase showed that nearly all the NOS nerves were not sympathetic. Acetylcholine always caused constriction of isolated rings of the dorsal aorta and the nitric oxide donor, sodium nitroprusside, did not mediate any dilation. Addition of nicotine (3×10−4 M) to preconstricted rings caused a vasodilation that was not affected by the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, Image -NNA (10−4 M), nor the soluble guanylyl cyclase inhibitor, ODQ (10−5 M). This nicotine-mediated vasodilation was, therefore, not due to the synthesis and release of NO. Disruption of the endothelium significantly reduced or eliminated the nicotine-mediated vasodilation. In addition, indomethacin (10−5 M), an inhibitor of cyclooxygenases, significantly increased the time period to maximal dilation and reduced, but did not completely inhibit the nicotine-mediated vasodilation. These data support the hypothesis that a prostaglandin is released from the vascular endothelium of a batoid ray, as has been described previously in other groups of fishes. The function of the nitrergic innervation of the blood vessels is not known because nitric oxide does not appear to regulate vascular tone.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/S1095-6433(03)00260-5
Field of Research 060603 Animal Physiology - Systems
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2003, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30025773

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Life and Environmental Sciences
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