In the present study, porous Ti–10Nb–10Zr alloy scaffolds with different porosities were successfully fabricated by a ‘‘space-holder” sintering method. By the addition of biocompatible alloying elements the porous TiNbZr scaffolds achieved significantly higher strength than unalloyed Ti scaffolds of the same porosity. In particular, the porous TiNbZr alloy with 59% porosity exhibited an elastic modulus and plateau stress of 5.6 GPa and 137 MPa, respectively. The porous alloys exhibited excellent ductility during compression tests and the deformation mechanism is mainly governed by bending and buckling of the struts. Cell cultures revealed that SaOS2 osteoblast-like cells grew on the surface and inside the pores and showed good spreading. Cell viability for the porous scaffold was three times higher than the solid counterpart. The present study has demonstrated that the porous TiNbZr alloy scaffolds are promising scaffold biomaterials for bone tissue engineering by virtue of their appropriate mechanical properties, highly porous structure and excellent biocompatibility.
Field of Research
091207 Metals and Alloy Materials
Socio Economic Objective
970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences