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Family correlates of fruit and vegetable consumption in children and adolescents : a systematic review

Pearson, N., Biddle, S.J.H. and Gorely, T. 2009, Family correlates of fruit and vegetable consumption in children and adolescents : a systematic review, Public health nutrition, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 267-283, doi: 10.1017/S1368980008002589.

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Title Family correlates of fruit and vegetable consumption in children and adolescents : a systematic review
Author(s) Pearson, N.
Biddle, S.J.H.
Gorely, T.
Journal name Public health nutrition
Volume number 12
Issue number 2
Start page 267
End page 283
Total pages 17
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Place of publication Cambridge, England
Publication date 2009
ISSN 1368-9800
Summary Objectives To review associations between the family environment and young people’s fruit and vegetable consumption.

Design A systematic review. Published English-language (n 60) papers were identified using electronic databases and manual searches of personal files and reference lists. Observational research reporting a measure of fruit/vegetable intake for children (aged 6–11 years) and/or adolescents (aged 12–18 years) and at least one potential family correlate of dietary intake was included.

Results Parental modelling and parental intake were consistently and positively associated with children’s fruit and fruit, juice and vegetable (FJV) consumption. There were also positive associations between home availability, family rules and parental encouragement and children’s fruit and vegetable consumption. Parental intake was positively associated with adolescents’ fruit and vegetable consumption. There were also positive associations between parental occupational status and adolescent fruit consumption and between parental education and adolescents’ FJV consumption.

Conclusions Our findings highlight the importance of targeting the family environment for the promotion of healthy eating behaviours among children and adolescents. Future interventions should encourage parents to be positive role models by targeting parental intake and to create a supportive home environment through increased encouragement and availability of fruits and vegetables and employing rules to govern eating behaviours. For adolescents, indicators of family circumstances (e.g. parental education) should be used to identify target groups for interventions aimed at promoting healthy eating.
Language eng
DOI 10.1017/S1368980008002589
Field of Research 111104 Public Nutrition Intervention
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2009
Copyright notice ©2008, The Authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30026269

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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