Members of the B7 family costimulate the proliferation of lymphocytes during the initiation and maintenance of antigen-specific humoral and cell-mediated immune responses. While B7-1 and -2 are restricted to lymphoid tissues, and activate naïve T cells, recently identified members including B7-H2 and -H3 are widely expressed on nonlymphoid tissues, and regulate effector lymphocytes in the periphery. B7-H3 has properties that suggested it may display antitumor activity, including the ability to stimulate Th1 and cytotoxic T-cell responses. Here, we test this notion by determining whether intratumoral injection of an expression plasmid encoding a newly described mouse homologue of B7-H3 is able to eradicate EL-4 lymphomas. Intratumoral injection of a mouse B7-H3 pcDNA3 expression plasmid led to complete regression of 50% tumors, or otherwise significantly slowed tumor growth. Mice whose tumors completely regressed resisted a challenge with parental tumor cells, indicating systemic immunity had been generated. B7-H3-mediated antitumor immunity was mediated by CD8(+) T and NK cells, with no apparent contribution from CD4(+) T cells. In summary, the results indicate that B7-H3 interactions may play a role in regulating cell-mediated immune responses against cancer, and that B7-H3 is a potential therapeutic tool.
Field of Research
110702 Applied Immunology (incl Antibody Engineering, Xenotransplantation and T-cell Therapies)