Use of residual hydrogen to produce CP-Ti powder compacts for low temperature rolling
Lapovok, Rimma, Tomus, Dacian, Barnett, Matthew Robert and Gibson, Mark A. 2009, Use of residual hydrogen to produce CP-Ti powder compacts for low temperature rolling, International journal of materials research, vol. 100, no. 12, pp. 1727-1738.
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The present work investigates the optimal level of residual hydrogen in partially de-hydrogenated powder to produce CP-Ti plate compacts using ECAP with back pressure which are subsequently rolled at low temperature. A comparative study of the compaction of two TiH2 powders and a CP-Ti powder, with particle sizes 150 um, 50um and 45 um respectively, has been carried out. The hydride powders have also been compacted in a partially de-hydrogenated state. The optimal level of residual hydrogen with respect to the density of the resulting compact and the associated mechanical properties has been defined. ECAP at 300°C produced compacts from these partially de-hydrogenated powders of 99.5% theoretical density, while CP-Ti was compacted to almost full theoretical density under the same ECAP conditions. Therefore, the compaction of powder by ECAP does not benefit from temporary hydrogen alloying.
These compacts then were rolled at temperatures ranging from room temperature to 500°C with an 80% reduction in a single pass. Heat treatment after the rolling can modify the microstructure to improve the resulting mechanical properties and in this regard the temporary alloying with hydrogen has been observed to offer some significant benefits. It is shown the ECAP followed by low temperature rolling is a promising route to the batch production of fully dense CP-Ti wrought product from powder feedstock that avoids the need to subject the material to temperatures greater than 500°C. This low temperature route is expected to be efficient from an energy point of view and it also avoids the danger of interstitial contamination that accompanies most high temperature powder processing.
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Field of Research
091207 Metals and Alloy Materials
Socio Economic Objective
861199 Basic Metal Products (incl. Smelting, Rolling, Drawing and Extruding) not elsewhere classified
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