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The impact of school tobacco policies on student smoking in Washington State, United States and Victoria, Australia

Evans-Whipp, Tracey J., Bond, Lyndal, Ukoumunne, Obioha C., Toumbourou, John W. and Catalano, Richard F. 2010, The impact of school tobacco policies on student smoking in Washington State, United States and Victoria, Australia, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 698-710, doi: 10.3390/ijerph7030698.

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Title The impact of school tobacco policies on student smoking in Washington State, United States and Victoria, Australia
Author(s) Evans-Whipp, Tracey J.
Bond, Lyndal
Ukoumunne, Obioha C.
Toumbourou, John W.ORCID iD for Toumbourou, John W. orcid.org/0000-0002-8431-3762
Catalano, Richard F.
Journal name International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume number 7
Issue number 3
Start page 698
End page 710
Total pages 13
Publisher Molecular Diversity Preservation International (M D P I)
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2010-02
ISSN 1660-4601
1661-7827
Keyword(s) schools
tobacco policy
tobacco smoking
Summary This paper measures tobacco polices in statewide representative samples of secondary and mixed schools in Victoria, Australia and Washington, US (N = 3,466 students from 285 schools) and tests their association with student smoking. Results from confounder-adjusted random effects (multi-level) regression models revealed that the odds of student perception of peer smoking on school grounds are decreased in schools that have strict enforcement of policy (odds ratio (OR) = 0.45; 95% CI: 0.25 to 0.82; p = 0.009). There was no clear evidence in this study that a comprehensive smoking ban, harsh penalties, remedial penalties, harm minimization policy or abstinence policy impact on any of the smoking outcomes.
Notes Reproduced under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Publisher’s statement: “published material can be re-used without obtaining permission as long as a correct citation to the original publication is given” http://www.mdpi.com/about/openaccess
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/ijerph7030698
Field of Research 111712 Health Promotion
Socio Economic Objective 920205 Health Education and Promotion
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2010, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30028660

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.